At present, small areas are allocated for garden plots, where it is not possible to leave the land for steam, but it is also problematic to observe crop rotation. Each gardener or gardener understands that for the cultivation of environmentally friendly fruits and vegetables for their family requires certain skills. Despite this, it is easier to buy and fertilize the soil, many prefer to put humus into the ground, which they have made on their own.
What is humus
- a kind of fertile land that consists of rotted manure and plant weed residues, extra planted earlier cultivated plants, empty stems of annual flowers and sunflower, fallen leaves.
- this priming wherein many beneficial nutrientsIt is used for growing and feeding seedlings of cultivated plants and vegetables, increasing the growth of shrubs and trees, extending the period of flowering of indoor plants, is an organic fertilizer and provides value for application as a fertilizer.
- in appearance, humus is a porous dark brown earth, without a sharp, putrid odor, loosened, plant residues should not be present in it.
Collecting fallen leaves in rainy autumn weather is a laborious process, but the result obtained after receiving humus from them justifies the investment.
It is advisable to collect fallen leaves with a fan-like rake, and then place them in specially prepared containers; these can be plastic bags for soda waste large garbage bags or a metal mesh fence with a small cell in the form of an open top box.
Along the perimeter in the walls of plastic bags it is necessary to provide holes and after compaction with leaves. plenty of water and tie (urea can be added); bags must be stored in a secluded place (or even in a cellar) where plants do not plant.
After collecting leaves in the fall under the trees pests do not startand diseases that prevent their growth and growing a good harvest do not develop.
In this humus there are few nutrients and trace elements, but when introduced into the soil it retains moisture at the roots (especially in dry weather), favorably affects the reproduction of earthworms, which loosen the soil and contribute to equip it with air.
Additionally, leaf humus is used to shelter vegetable crops such as tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, soil mulch is created that prevents drying, acidifies the soil and is air-conditioned, can also be used as a cultivator for indoor plants and previously prepared humus for winter shelter of flowers and vineyard (protects from freezing).Leaf humus
The leaves of fruit trees are prepared as humus. about one year, and needle (conifers) during 2-3 years (when harvesting, it is desirable to grind them). Crumbly humus is obtained from the leaves for 1.5 - 3 years.
Manure humus is a type of fertile land produced from concentrated decomposed manure.
Humus from manure is formed from animal waste, residues of vegetable feed and animal litter, which decomposes for a long time, should not have a sharp smell, loose, earthy color and is used as a good organic fertilizer.Humus from manure
How to use humus as a fertilizer
In the spring, fertilizing from humus is introduced into the holes and grooves before planting seeds and seedlingsIt is also possible to feed the soil of vegetables planted in the fall (garlic, carrots, onions). A large percentage of this fertilizer is applied to the boxes or greenhouses where the sprouts spikes as a mulching agent and feeding the planted seedlings.
Under the trees, bushes and potatoes humus is better to make in the autumn, and under vegetable cultures on the contrary, it is required to bring before diggingthat is, in the spring.
If dung humus is not sufficiently decayed, then large parts of the manure can be soaked in a container with water (1: 1), let stand for a week and water the bushes with the prepared solution as a liquid fertilizer (water carefully, it is not recommended to pour it under the root).
You can make manure in the fall, scatter under the snow, but after snow melting there is a large number of weeds that will need to be removed and weeded to prevent overgrowth.
For the preparation of organic fertilizer from manure, you need to level the pile to obtain looseness and leave for 5-7 days for "fermentation", in the future a pile of manure is covered with earth thick up to 10 cm and close the film (to maintain high nutritional value). In the spring, the land is removed, and the film is left.For the preparation of humus from manure, it is left under the film for the entire winter period, peppered
Cooking extra fertilizer with your own hands
On the summer cottage or garden plots can be prepared "mixed" humus.
- In a secluded place dug pit in the ground (size 1.5 m2, and a depth of about 0.5 ‑ m).
- The walls are laid with iron (can be used) or slate residues.
- We fold the grass from weeding, you can leave food of plant origin, as well as add a little bird or other manure that is available.
- Pour land and water while adding grass.
- At the end of the summer period, it is desirable to perform work on mixing the future of humus laid in the pit.
For a fertile compost within one year not recommended to add large roots, especially from the old strawberry bushes, as they are dense and it is better to dry and burn them, and then use the ashes for feeding (especially when planting cabbage).
This type of fertilizer is important for top dressing of bushes, trees, all plants, as the land becomes more fertile, the soil structure increases, it has a positive effect on the content of nutrients in grown foods, increases the amount of grown crops without harmful and toxic impurities.