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When to collect red and black chokeberry?


Chokeberry is a healthy berrywhich is used for preparation both preparations for the winter, and for medicines.

Compotes, juices, preserves, wine, as well as various tinctures, tea and various decoctions can be made from this vegetable component. But nevertheless it is worth being able to collect it correctly.

In order to cook delicious preparations of this berry you need to know the timing of its collection and be able to determine them. It depends on this and the storage period, and the beneficial properties of the berries, and its taste.

The time of ripening and harvest time of red and black chokeberry

Rowan red and black ripen around the end of August at the beginning of September. Ripe berries can withstand elevated frosts, and the crop will remain almost until the spring.

In the southern regions of Russia the coloration of red and black rowan comes already from the beginning of July, but during this period it was not yet ripe. Many gardeners believe that this berry reaches full maturity closer to September. However, even in this period, it is not considered fully mature.

Rowan red and black fully ripen in different regions of Russia in different ways. In the southern regions the berries ripen closer to the end of September, in the middle belt and the Moscow region closer to October, in the northern regions, in Siberia and in the Urals - in November.

It is worth remembering that the taste of the berries depends on ripeness and ripening period. If you want the fruits to be not very sweet with a bitter taste, then the harvest should be done at the very beginning of ripening. If you want the berries to be sweeter, then it is better to wait until the frost with the harvest.

You can start the first collection of berries already when the structure of the fruit becomes completely black or red, and to the touch it becomes not very hard and dense. This usually occurs in mid-August and early September.

At this time, the berry becomes bitter and acquires a slightly tart flavor. The second collection period begins already from the end of September and up to winter, at this time the fruits ripen completely and become a sweet taste.

Rowan red and black fully ripen in different regions of Russia in different ways

How can and should be collected: important rules

Collection of mountain ash has a number of features.. Unlike other types of berries, this type of fruit crops has a number of features, on which the proper harvesting depends.

It is worth remembering a few rules of collectingon which storage, taste, structure of fruits and preparations from them depend:

  • starting to shoot ripe fruit is necessary in sunny weather;
  • the best will be the day after the rain. Rain will wash away all the dust and dirt from the berries, and also discourage damaged, rotten fruits;
  • berries for assembly must be dried, because raw berries with water will be poorly stored;
  • it is desirable to break in the morning, because it is during this period that the berries have the greatest value, contain a high level of useful components;
  • if the berry matures and is removed for drying, then it is necessary to cut off the whole brushes with berries. Cut them should be shears. After that, the brushes are strung on a rope and hung in a dry place to dry;
  • if the berries are going to make compotes, jams, decoctions, tea and other medicinal drinks, then it should also be cut with brushes. Then the berries are separated and used for cooking. If it is removed for each berry, this process takes a lot of time, moreover, the probability of damage to the fruit increases.
Important advice: for collecting mountain ash red and black it is recommended to use containers made of enameled glass and plastic base. Galvanized or aluminum steel has a negative effect on the taste of ripe fruits of mountain ash.

When to collect chokeberry, tell the video:

Picking berries for jam and compote

From the mountain ash red and black, you can cook a variety of blanks.: it is suitable for making jam, jams, jelly.

It is included in the composition of one-component compotes, juices, it is also added to fruit and berry assorted compotes. Rowan goes well with apples, pears, cherries, plums.

It is important that the berry has not only a beautiful bright color, but also suitable taste. For dessert blanks for the winter, the taste of fruits should be sweet, if it is bitter, then, accordingly, the taste of jam or compote will be bitter.

For cooking jam and compotes, the berry must be harvested from the end of September, towards the middle of October.

It is advisable to collect berries and fruit compotes a little later - from late September, closer to mid-October. During this period, the fruits become juicy, filled with bright color and get a sweeter taste.

If the berry is planned to add to compotes assorted fruit, for example, in addition to apples or pears, it is possible to collect mountain ash from the beginning of September, without waiting for full ripening.

At this time, the berries have a bright color that will make compote beautiful. A small handful of rowan, black or red, can brighten up zucchini compotes, melons, it will give them a bright, rich color.

If you plan to prepare one-component compotesthen it is recommended to wait for the collection until the first frost. In central Russia, this period falls on October. During this period, there is a decrease in temperature at night.

Frost will make ripe fruit softer, juicy, they will become sweet and all the bitterness and tartness completely goes away.

Pre-worth a few taste of berries to make sure they are suitable for making compotes, preserves. If not, then the berry should be left for some time in the cold so that it fully matured.

Cooking Vitamin Tea or Broth

Rowan red and black have a high level of useful components.that have a beneficial effect on human health.

This berry helps to eliminate various diseases of the digestive system, liver, kidneys, normalizes the activity of the heart, blood vessels.

This berry can be added to various tinctures, decoctions, fortified tea. Wherein Both fresh and dried fruit can be used for preparation.. The main thing in the preparation to take into account all the recommendations of the recipe.

Vitamin black or red berry tea

Fortified tea based on red or black ash considered effective against flu and ARVI. This drink is useful to drink in the spring, when there is a lack of vitamins, beneficial components.

It will take about 50 grams of mountain ash and 50 grams of hawthorn berries, a liter of hot water.

Vitamin tea from red or black mountain ash will be effective against flu and ARVI

Tea preparation scheme:

  1. To begin, prepare 50 grams of mountain ash and wild rose berries.
  2. If there is a thermos, it should be filled with rowan and briar.
  3. Fill 1 liter of hot water.
  4. Close the thermos and leave to infuse for 6-8 hours.

Drink ready tea should be half a glass 2-3 times a day. To improve the taste, improve the tonic properties in the finished drink, you can add a bit of natural honey, a spoonful of grated ginger root.

Tea with currants and rowan

Drink with the addition of currant turns out very tasty, invigorating and toning. It can be drunk during periods of epidemics of colds.

It enhances the properties of the immune system., enhances the body's resistance to the effects of various infectious and colds lesions.

For the preparation of a useful drink will need 50 grams of mountain ash red or black, 1 big spoon of currant, dried leaves of currant 1 big spoon.

Tea with currants and rowan improves the properties of the immune system, increases the body's resistance

Cooking rules:

  1. Prepare the berries and leaves.
  2. We spread rowanberries, berries and currant leaves in a thermos.
  3. Everything is filled with a liter of hot water.
  4. Be sure to tightly close the thermos.
  5. All leave brew all night.
  6. You can drink tea every day for half a glass 3 times.

It is worth noting fortified tea from mountain ash improves the liver, kidneys, heart, blood vessels. In addition, it normalizes the activity of the digestive system.

Decoction of flowers

Rowan flowers have useful properties.. They should be collected in late May and early June. Broths from the flowers of mountain ash help to normalize the activity of the endocrine system, eliminate liver damage, help with hemorrhoids, cough, various gynecological pathologies.

For cooking will require about 1 big spoonful of rowan flowers, 250 ml of hot water.

Broths of rowan flowers help to normalize the activity of the endocrine system, eliminate liver damage

Everything is prepared according to the following scheme:

  1. To begin, prepare 1 big spoonful of rowan flowers.
  2. We spread the flowers in the jar.
  3. Fill all with hot water, just one glass.
  4. All infused for 30 minutes.
  5. After this, the broth is filtered through gauze material.

Drink the broth should be half a glass three times a day.. Insist flock can be in a thermos for 3-4 hours. It is recommended to drink it ¼ cup three times a day.

Broths based on the flowers of mountain ash can be added to therapeutic baths to treat joint pain. Broths are used for various colds - they are often used for gargling with pharyngitis and laryngitis.

Harvesting mountain ash is not an easy process, because you need to know the time of full ripening of this berry. In addition, it can be collected in several stages.

First stage suitable for picking fruit to be used for drying. Second phase suitable for preparing various blanks, jams, compotes, jams.

In any case, whenever this berry is harvested, it has beneficial properties that have a beneficial effect on the activities of the organs of the body, on the general condition and health.