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The main diseases of the ears in rabbits and their treatment

Many rabbit breeders face ear diseases. Inflammation, formation of scab, pus, itching and burning when touched - All these are common symptoms of several diseases. How to determine, distinguish, prevent the ear sores of rabbits and what treatment is needed will be described in detail in the proposed article.

Symptoms of ear diseases

The peculiarity of rabbit ear diseases is similar symptoms that prevent the correct and accurate diagnosis. Diseases of the ears are determined by the following visual features:

  • Rabbits constantly scratching their paws, rubbing their ears on the bars of the cage and other available items;
  • Nervous animal behaviorrestless with general weakness, loss of appetite;
  • Reproductive functions are declining., in the literature, examples are described when, because of the constant anxiety caused by a disease of the ears, bunnies lose interest in mating;
  • The ears of sick rabbits can fall., and the head of the rabbit unnaturally leans forward or to the side.
Rabbit ear diseases

All the listed signs are a signal for more careful examination of the ears of animals. Why does this happen and what to do? It will also be helpful for novice breeders to know the specific signs of each ear disease, especially since there are only three of them.

Psoroptosis

Psoroptosis is among the infectious diseases. Pathogen - tick Psoroptes cuniculi yellow or brown round or oval. There is a tick on the skin of the auricle, therefore, in the initial stages with a quick visual inspection of the ears, it is very difficult to detect.

One of the symptoms of the disease - on the skin of the inner surface of the ears scales and small boils appear. The cracks burst, the released pus dries out, causing the skin to turn into a scab, which gives the rabbits severe torment.

Psoroptosis in rabbits

Severe psoroptosis is also detected visually. Rabbit ears in the affected areas swell up, become covered with scabs and sores, become hotter than the main body mass.

The size of the ticks is small, so if you wish, you can see it through a magnifying glass. If a tick is detected, there is no doubt that a pet scabies is also a common name for psoroptosis.

When a tick is detected, it is necessary to relieve the rabbit from itching, since combing the ears not only promotes the spread of the tick, but also gives the animal a great inconvenience. For this, the affected areas are smeared with a solution of turpentine (kerosene) and vegetable oil in a ratio of 1 to 1.

For processing using a conventional plastic syringe without needles. The solution is applied to the crustAfter a thorough massage, the crusts should be separated and removed from the auricle. The procedure will reduce the pet's suffering by an order of magnitude.

Purulent otitis

Rabbit purulent otitis media is difficult to distinguish from psorioptic otitis in the initial stages, since the primary symptoms are identical. Otitis also refers to viral diseases, the late detection and treatment of this disease leads to brain damage and death of the animal.

Otitis feature that at the initial stage it cannot be visually detected, since the infection spreads beyond the eardrum, which is not accessible for external examination. With the development of the disease can be observed discharge and pus that spread through the auricle.

Progressive otitis is noticeable and vestibular disorders. The rabbit may stumble on objects located, the head makes unnatural movements from side to side, as if swaying. The eyes of the sick rabbit make constant movements, rotating or moving strictly horizontally.

Frostbite ear

Rabbit with frostbitten ears

The ears of rabbits are tender, therefore keeping in cold rooms is fraught with frostbite of the limbs or ears. Symptoms of frostbite are easily noticeable:

  • Ears cold, swelling, pain when touched;
  • The presence of blistersthat burst, forming purulent ulcers - a sign of severe frostbite. In the future, the skin dries out and exfoliates, forming open wounds.
The presence of seals on rabbits' ears, which are rapidly developing, turning into lumps several centimeters in size - a sure sign of a severe disease - myxomatosis. The only effective way to prevent and treat this disease - vaccinations.

Prevention and treatment of ear diseases in rabbits at home

Prevention of ear infections, otitis media and psoroptosis should include the following measures:

  • Check and quarantine, rabbits taken on the side. In practice, tick infestation occurs most often from newly arrived rabbits. You can mix them with the main herd only after a month, making sure of their health;
  • Immunity enhancement, adding vitamins to food, which is an effective prevention of otitis media;
  • Creating a warm and comfortable conditions of detention with normal temperature for rabbits. The ideal temperature for a rabbit is from 19 to 25 degrees Celsius;
  • Cleanliness, regular cleaning and disinfection.

The listed measures will significantly reduce the likelihood of ear diseases among your pets.

Rabbit ear treatment

If your pets have signs of ear diseases, then The treatment is carried out in the following order:

  • Catching an infection the animal must be removed immediately;
  • Need exactly determine which infection you are dealing with. Novice rabbit breeders or if in doubt about the diagnosis, you should contact your veterinarian.

How to treat psoroptosis and purulent otitis media

Psoroptosis is treated with a combination of local and general medication.. First of all, the destruction of the mite itself is required, for which foams and aerosols are used: psoroptol, acrodex, akaromectin, dicresyl, etc.

Topical treatment is usually the same. Spray the sprayed areas for a few seconds.. The procedure is repeated 2-3 times a day, the course of treatment is 5-7 days. A week later, it is desirable to repeat the course, which will fix the result.

Acaromectin aerosol

For systemic treatment and elimination of infection. Best of all are Baymek or 1% Ivomek. The drugs are injected under the skin, and a single dose is calculated based on the concentration of the drug and the weight of the animal.

Baimek 1%

The benefits of these drugs that they actively destroy both the tick itself and the deposited larvae. Usually, relief in an animal occurs 2-3 days after the start of treatment.

It is not recommended to treat purulent otitis at home.. Its pathogens can be several cultures of bacteria, which can only be distinguished after taking tests and a thorough examination of the rabbit's head and ears.

The treatment procedure must be carried out quickly. higher doses of antibiotics, for example, prednisone or albendazole. The correct dosage can be prescribed and only a specific veterinarian can do this.

Treatment of frostbite ears, folk methods

When frostbite is used proven popular method - affected areas are lubricated with fat, goose or pork. The main requirement is that fat should not contain salt. With strong frostbite, one-percent camphor ointment helps the healing very well. Only dried places are smeared.

Alusprey

A good tool for frostbite is healing aluspray. The drug is available in the form of an aerosol, which is applied to the affected area after the initial sanitization (removal of hair released from wounds of the liquid, dead skin).

When treating wounds or removing an infection, rabbit ears cannot be treated with alcohol solutions (iodine, brilliant green, etc.). The ear tissue is delicate, and the use of alcohol solutions often causes burns in rabbits.

Summing up, we note that compliance with simple preventive measures, as well as isolation of rabbits from unauthorized people, animals, hygiene and timely disinfection - This is the best way to prevent the development of ear sores.