The main function of the queen bee is egg laying. In the family there is only one fetal individual. The bees take care of their parent and protect them. She has her own retinue, which provides her with nutrition (royal jelly).
Beekeeping for beginners: what does a queen bee look like?
The queen bee, or as beekeepers call it the Queen, is the parent of all the bees living in the hive. In nature, its life span can reach up to 8 years., but in beekeeping, the uterus usually changes to a young one after 2 years. This is due to the fact that the active sowing of eggs occurs in the first two years, then reproduction decreases. A beekeeper can change it before, if it does not give good results.
Now let's talk about what the queen bee looks like. It can be easily distinguished from working bees in shape and size. It has an elongated body, reaching sizes of 2-2.5 cm. Its abdomen, unlike the rest of the bees, protrudes beyond the wings. At the end there is a sting, but it will be used to protect against other bee maids.
It has a smaller eye size. Weight - 0.025 g, and barren - 0.020 g. Weight and size depend on the age of the bee and breed. Uterus are fetal and barren. The first - do the sowing by working bees, the second sow the drones.View of the uterus bee close up
How long does it take to remove a queen bee from scratch in a natural way?
Let's look at how and how many days the queen bee hatch? Those beekeepers who are seriously engaged in apiary This knowledge is necessary for the following reasons:
- To change the old individuals to the young.
- For tribal work.
- To prevent the swarming of bees.
- To control sowing.
- It will help to identify the tinder.
The process of hatching the bee-woman begins with seeding the egg. The uterus is removed from the ovum, which later sows worker bees. Truths are derived from poor seeding.
In a bowl built on honey comb, the uterus sows eggs. From it develops a larva that is cared for and protected by bees. The larva of the future uterus is fed with royal jelly and continues to draw out the queen from the pan. On the 7th day they seal it.
Before they are sealed, they fill it with feed for the larvae. It is royal jelly. Those beekeepers who collect it for sale, just this time is the most convenient for collecting.
After how many days does the bee's uterus hatch and leave the queen cell? Before leaving the queen cell, the larva, feeding on milk, grows and turns into a pupa. From the pupa to the uterus. For some time, she still matures in the mother liquor. On the 16th day there is an exit from the queen cell., by his vygryzaniya.
In the first time after leaving the queen cell, the young uterus gains strength and eliminates the other queen cells. At the same time, they are divided into fetuses and trushes. Those individuals that within 7 days fly around and mate with drones become fruitful. The whole family is involved in this process. If this happens, then after 3 days in the hive should appear seeding working bees.The process of withdrawing queens. Aging Uterine Eggs
Fetal uterus can live 5 years, but for honey production it is inexpedient to keep it for so long. After 2 years, it should be changed to young, because after this time the sowing is reduced. Autumn sowing ends early, and spring begins later. If the uterus does not fly around, then a drone sowing will appear in the hive. Such a family is doomed. Trunk should be removed and addicted to the fetal individual.
Cycle, stages and timing of development of larvae in the mother liquor by day
Schedule hatch of bees.
|On the 7th day||Mother liquor is sealed|
|On the 16th day||Output barren individuals|
|After 3-5 days in the hive||Circled|
|In 7 days||Mating flight|
|After 14 days||The ability to determine the quality of the uterus|
Without mating with drones, it is impossible to obtain a fetal uterus. But the number of drones in the hive must be constantly monitored. How does the drone develop?
The drone is formed in the same way as the worker bee, but has a longer development cycle. If you look at the honeycomb, the cells with drones in the honeycomb are larger. They have a convex, loose cap. From egg to adult individual takes 24 days. To mate the drone will be ready for 33 days. Therefore, it is important to look at the calendar and not miss the time.
How is the uterus without larvae displayed?
A simple method used by beekeepers to get a young womb without buying. Popular on private apiaries and available for beginners. For success in uterine hatching, choose a strong family.. If a queen is needed more, then several families are chosen.
In the central part of the body, more precisely in the interframe space, an insulator is installed, where the egg-laying will take place. If there is no isolator, they can be replaced with honeycombs. At the stage when the larvae appear in the combs, they are deposited in the prepared otvodok.
Further actions of the beekeeper
- After 6 hours, honeycombs with laid eggs are taken. Removed from the hive.
- Heated by a knife, cut a strip with laid eggs.
- On one side, cut to half the height. Of the three cells left alone.
- On the remaining cells with larvae, stick gently expand the holes (artificially make bowls). Here the queen cells will line up.
- The strip prepared in advance is attached to an empty honeycomb frame.
- A hole is made with a height of no more than 5 cm (parallel to the bar above).
- The strip is glued with melted wax or wooden pins. It is taken into account how many queens are required and as many holes are made.
The queen is raised where the larvae are selected. The frame is placed on the site of the one that was removed before. There will be a cluster of working bees, which constantly monitor the order, for the timely delivery of royal jelly and the alignment of queen cells.
Thus the family turns into educators. Before the appearance of the uterus, the mother liquor is cut and placed in the nucleus or cells. Thus, an individual is grown without transfer of the larvae.
You may also be interested in the following articles on beekeeping:
Basic Inference Rules
Uterus is raised simultaneously with brood drones (thus matured drones appear).
- A fertile individual appears with good honey collection.
- The uterus grown from large larvae is better than from small ones.
- For hatching, larvae are used which have 12 hours.
Two-legged maintenance of the bee family
The two-month maintenance of bee colonies allows to increase the hives to the main honey collection and Thus, you can increase the collection of honey by 50%. It is advisable to keep this method in central Russia and in its northern regions, since the period of honey collection in these regions is brief and most often ends in July.
Advantages of two-matched bee content in multicase hives:
- in winter, feed consumption decreases (due to mutual heating);
- sowing increases;
- increases the activity of the bee;
- honey harvest increases.
- bulky and heavy hives;
- deterioration of ventilation;
- difficult to prevent swarming;
- When viewing the framework, it is necessary to disassemble the entire structure.
In double hives
This method is used in hives for two buildings (12 frames) and two shops. During the flowering of willow nest widens. Thus, by the beginning of May, 8 frames appear with a sowing. If on them the bees lay the queen, the body is removed and placed next to it.
Instead, put the body with a half frame and source. It is closed with a blank partition and the body with the uterus is installed on top. Lelet should be turned in the other direction.
After 4 days, queen cells are removed from the lower body. Cells turn in one direction. Now two “queens” work in the hive. They are kept until honey collection.
During the main honey collection, the partition is removed. Since there is only one uterus in the hive, when the families are joined, the strong kill the weak.
In multicase hives
With the help of a two-month maintenance of families, beekeepers in multicase hives build up strong families to the main honey collection. To do this, in the first decade of May, begin to form the output of queens. From the second half of the family occupy two three buildings and in the upper one they organize layering. The barren individual and the queen are placed in it. At the end of the month, the sowing of honeycomb begins.
Now begin work on the active building of families with two womb. A separation grid for 1-2 days is placed on the layouts in 6-8 frames. After the body are filled with a framework with a wax. Put the dividing grid and the top case. The old "queen" is removed. It makes a new otvodok.
These families do not swarm and have a greater number of worker bees that leave the upper hulls. Thus, the mass of harvested honey increases.
In the loungers
For some, the two-content content of bees in hives loungers is more convenient.
With this method, the plank is taken into 16 frames, which are divided by a dividing grid. In each department of the family with the uterus. In this form, they overwinter, and in the spring are increasing.
In the summer, put the general store, the case with the lattice. As families grow, stores are added. Thus, the honey harvest increases.
From all this, it is clear that the uterus plays the main role in the hive. As you can see, it is not difficult to withdraw the bee-girl. The main thing is to stick to this scheme and then you can withdraw an individual from scratch. It depends on how much honey you harvest. With the skill and knowledge of handling the queen beehive, you can improve the performance of the apiary.