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Instructions for use of enrofloxacin for birds

The modern specificity of growing chickens may vary depending on the goals pursued. It can be business or personal content for personal use. In spite of this, any chicks may be affectedthat can cause damage to your household.

In this article you can get acquainted with detailed instructions for use of antibacterial and anti-infective drug for birds - enrofloxacin.

For which diseases enrofloxacin is used

Enrofloxacin - a broad-acting drug, which is used in the treatment of bacterial and mycoplasmal diseases of poultry and pigs. The tool can significantly inhibit the development and reproduction of coccoid bacteria.

Enrofloxacin

The action of the drug is aimed at maximum cure chicks and effectively used in the following diseases:

  • Mycoplasmosis;
  • Colibacteriosis;
  • Pasteurellosis;
  • Hemophilosis;
  • Infectious rhinitis;
  • Necrotic enteritis;
  • Salmonellosis;
  • Campylobacteriosis hepatitis;
  • Streptococcosis;
  • Infections mixed and secondary type.

How to apply to chicks: chickens, broilers and other

Enrofloxacin is administered exclusively by the oral route., that is, inside through the oral cavity of chicks. This drug begins to act after a few hours from the moment the bird enters the gastrointestinal tract. The use of enrofloxacin is to dilute it in water in certain proportions. Further the solution is poured into the drinker and put to the birds instead of ordinary water for round-the-clock drinking. The treatment lasts five to six days.

Chickens drink from drinking bowls

The solution must be prepared every day based on an approximate calculation of daily consumption. bird of water. During the entire period of treatment, the bird must be given only water with the addition of a drug.

  • for chickens - 5 ml per 10 l of water;
  • for broiler chickens - 50 ml per 100 l of water;
  • for goslings - 50 ml per 100 l of water;
  • for turkey poults - 50 ml per 100 l of water;
  • for other birds - 50 ml per 100 l of water.
It should be noted that in case of chronic form of salmonellosis, mixed infection and severe cases of viral diseases, the dose of enrofloxacin for birds increases to 100 ml per 100 l of water.

In this case, it is necessary to provide constant care and monitoring of sick animals in order to avoid the threat of death.

Instructions for use for adult birds

The drug enrofloxacin is applied exclusively to young animals, including ducklings, chickens, piglets, turkey poults, etc.

Adults are not prescribed., because it lacks elements capable of treating adult animals.

Side effects

Drug the drug is prohibited to animals in the presence of severe hepatic and renal diseases. Enrofloxacin is not allowed for ruminant cattle that have developed cicatricial digestion, as well as individual intolerance to fluoroquinolones.

It is not advisable to use this tool for laying hens because of the possible accumulation of enrofloxacin in eggs.

Chicken layer

During the course of therapy it is necessary to limit the long stay of animals in direct sunlight. An overdose of an oral solution of enrofloxacin can provoke the appearance of signs of dysbacteriosis and disturbance of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. In such cases, it is necessary to suspend treatment with this drug and take measures to eliminate the symptoms that have appeared.

Combined use of enrofloxacin therapeutic agent with simultaneous use of bacteriostatic antibiotics, including tetracycline, macrolide, chloramphenicol, as well as steroids, indirect anticoagulants, theophylline is prohibited.

Accurate and strict adherence to these dosages of the use of the drug, which contains enrofloxacin, will avoid contraindications and side effects. However, today many experts in the field of veterinary and poultry farms exceed the recommended dose of the drug in two or three times. They explain this by increasing the resistance of viruses to antibiotics. Studies aimed at determining the exact dosages of the drug are still being conducted, but there are already opinions that such measures may provoke inhibited development and a lag in the growth of the bird's body.

Parallel use of the drug with antacid agents containing iron, magnesium, calcium, and aluminum can worsen the process of absorption of enrofloxacin.

Avoid side effects This drug should be used two hours before or four hours after the application of the above means.

Contraindications

Drug use prohibited in the following cases:

  • Hypersensitivity animals to substances containing fluoroquinolone;
  • Developed cicatricial digestion in ruminants;
  • Breeding laying hens for egg productiondue to the undesirability of people eating eggs in which enrofloxacin is present.
Slaughter of birds is allowed only after 10-15 days after using this drug. Earlier slaughter is strictly prohibited!

Pharmacological properties

Enrofloxacin 100 mg

Enrofloxacin has the following pharmacological properties:

  1. Enrofloxacin-containing preparations belong to the community of fluoroquinolones and have a powerful antibacterial effect.
  2. Actively acts against gram-positive and gram-negative parasites and mycoplasma.
  3. Is able inhibit the formation of malic acid microorganisms, which threatens to damage the integrity of the DNA, by blocking the DNA gyrase.
  4. It has active process of absorption from the gastrointestinal tract of a bird and effective penetration into internal organs and tissues.
  5. The most concentrated effect of the drug is observed after two hours from the moment of administration and operates for six hours.
  6. Able to partially metabolize into a substance called ciprofloxacin, which is excreted in the form of bile or feces.
  7. A drug considered moderately dangerous substance on the quality of influence on the animal organism.

Having reviewed all the pharmacological properties and side effects of enrofloxacin, we found that the drug is a synthetic antimicrobial agentcontaining fluoroquinolones. Used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes against infectious diseases and to stimulate growth. It is also effectively used in the treatment of such serious infections as pneumonia, typhoid, cystic fibrosis, etc.

Used in a convenient and simple way. - dilution of the drug in drinking water.

Chicks drink from drinking bowls

It should be noted that in European countries there is a ban on the use of such antimicrobial agents. The reason for this prohibition is considered to be the emergence of resistance of microorganisms, that is, organisms that can cause human diseases. However, it should be noted that the threat of the emergence of resistance occurs when incorrect use of fluoroquinolones, that is, not following the recommendations of the instructions. A sign of such a process is considered to be an overabundance of permissible levels of substances in poultry products.