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Symptoms and treatment of diseases of broilers at home

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Broilers are the same chickens, only they are grown purely for meat and eggs. The difference is that they grow quickly and in 2-3 months can reach 1.5 kilograms.

But this of course will be only with appropriate care. In addition to appropriate feeding and maintenance, it is imperative to monitor the health of the bird. Broilers, like chickens, are prone to infectious diseases, with the appearance of which all individuals can die.

Therefore, when detecting the first symptoms of the disease immediately proceed to the appropriate treatment. In this article, we take a closer look at the diseases of broilers and their treatment at home. We find out why broilers wheeze, sneeze, go blind and what to do.

Diseases of broiler chickens and how to treat at home

While breeding and growing broilers, it should be borne in mind that the bird is highly susceptible to various diseases, especially in the first days of its life up to one month of age. First of all, attention is drawn to the suspicious behavior of the bird. - lethargy, loss of appetite, apathy. Perhaps this is a temporary phenomenon and after a certain period the bird will again have an appetite and mood. But not always. Sometimes this condition worsens and causes severe symptoms. So how do you determine whether a bird is sick or not?

Often problems arise for beginners. In this case, pay attention to the first symptoms.

The first symptoms of the disease are determined by the appearance of the bird. For this reason, make regular inspection of individuals and the poultry house itself. Timely detection of the disease will protect against unpleasant consequences.

In addition, it is worth paying attention to the common symptoms that can be the causes of infectious diseases:

What if chickens sneeze?

Let's start with the most common problem - why do chickens and chickens sneeze? Broilers can sneeze in different diseases, usually this symptom is caused by viral colds. It is better to call a veterinarian when sneezing occurs and to conduct an examination so that he has already established the cause. In the place where the birds are kept, all drafts, dampness should be eliminated.

It is advisable to install a ventilation system, install heaters. Lamps must be at a certain level above the heads of the broiler specimens, but in no case on their level or below. Often, improperly installed lamps lead to overheating of birds, and then, when individuals leave for a while to eat, their body cools down and as a result they catch cold.

Treatment of broilers

Why do chickens and broilers sneeze we figured out, now we learn what to do. If sneezing has just appeared, it is advisable to immediately powder the nostrils with streptocide powder. To do this, the powder is typed in cotton and thoroughly rubbed into the nostrils of the bird. This will prevent the spread of infection further into the bronchi and lungs. Additionally, broilers need to be fed with antibiotics - chloramphenicol and tetracycline. Add 1 tablet to 1 liter of water. Antibiotics are watered for 4 days.

But still, when sneezing occurs, you should contact a veterinarian, because such a symptom can be the cause of dangerous diseases such as bird flu, aspergillosis, chicken pox and other serious diseases.

Why do chickens cough?

We now turn to the question of why broilers and chickens cough and what to do? Broilers can cough for different reasons. Sometimes cough causes colds due to drafts or increased dampness. In these cases, it is better to warm the house, install an additional heater and make adequate ventilation. Additionally, the bird is watered with vitamins and antibiotics.

But cough is not always accompanied by colds, this symptom can be the cause of a serious and even fatal disease. - bird flu, aspergillosis and other pathologies.

For the treatment of diseases of chickens suitable the following drugs:

Why do chickens wheeze?

And now let's look at what to do if chickens wheeze and even die. Wheezing, like coughing and sneezing, accompanied by a cold. In these cases, the place where the broilers are kept is drafted and damp. If these faults are detected, the house is restored to normal, and additional heating facilities are installed.

The bird is given vitamins and antibiotics until the symptoms disappear.
But one should not be sure that wheezing, coughing, sneezing are signs of a cold. Quite often, a symptom indicates the occurrence of a serious disease that a veterinarian can determine. And if you start a disease, the bird may start to die.

The appearance of wheezing in adult broilers

Why chickens diarrhea?

The appearance of diarrhea can be the first signal that the bird is infected with infectious diseases. It is worth paying attention to the composition and type of liquid stool. If it has a light mucous with impurities, and then a greenish color appears, then it indicates the presence of infection.

In these cases, it is necessary to immediately provide appropriate treatment, because the infection can instantly hit all the livestock. Broiler chickens begin to carry in such infectious diseases as salmonellosis, colibacillosis, bird flu.

If diarrhea occurs, you should immediately check the chicken coop for compliance with all relevant hygiene standards, as well as to see what kind of food, whether it is sufficiently high quality. From time to time disinfect and clean the chicken coop. Diarrhea can cause excessive fortified feeding and excessive amounts of mineral supplements.

Runny nose

Birds runny nose usually occurs because of a cold, but not always. Usually, when a runny nose occurs, a full inspection of the hen house is done, and all possible drafts and dampness are eliminated. Also, when the cold, birds are given vitamins and appropriate antibiotics.

When a rhinitis occurs, they go to the veterinarian, he examines and if there is a serious illness, he provides appropriate treatment. What diseases can be accompanied by a runny nose: colicbacteriosis, Marek's disease, chicken pox, bird flu and others.

Symptoms of foot diseases in broilers

Sometimes birds can hurt their legs, this symptom is determined by the behavior and gait of broilers. Individuals can simply fall in place, with their legs moving apart. This is a signal that the bird has any serious illness that has led to leg problems.

Together with the disease of the legs there is a poor appetite, lethargy, weakness. When this condition appears, you should immediately contact a veterinarian, because foot problems are the cause of serious pathologies. Often, foot diseases are observed with salmonellosis, rickets, Marek's disease.

Broiler foot diseases

What to do if chickens start to blind in one eye and die?

Sometimes broilers get blind. Chicken can go blind even in one eye. Blindness is the cause of serious infectious lesions, with the appearance of which it is necessary to immediately provide appropriate treatment. Otherwise, the infection can instantly infect other individuals.

Blindness occurs with salmonellosis, Marek's disease.
However, it is not enough to know the reasons, you need to have an idea about the treatment of serious diseases. Many pathologies can cause serious harm up to the death of the entire population. Therefore, to prevent unpleasant consequences should provide appropriate treatment in time.

Diseases

Colibacteriosis: antibiotic treatment, prevention for chickens and adults

This is a dangerous disease that affects completely all individuals. The fact is that the causative agents of colibacillosis are constantly present in the environment. Failure to observe hygiene can lead to the active development of bacteria, which at the same time will affect almost all the internal organs of individuals.

Symptoms of the disease:

  • disorders of the digestive tract;
  • loss of appetite;
  • the occurrence of fever;
  • sluggish and depressed.

Treatment
For the treatment of colibacillosis using antibiotics - terramycin and biomitsin. These funds are added immediately to the feed in powder form. Together with antibiotics, it is recommended to give vitamins every day and premixes together with feeding 1-2 times a day. Treatment is carried out 4-5 days until full recovery.

Prevention
To prevent this disease, only fresh and balanced feed is introduced into the broiler diet. For the prevention of vaccination do the entire chicken population from this disease.

Colibacteriosis in broilers

Salmonellosis: what is it, how to cure chickens and adults

Salmonellosis is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract. The causative agents of the disease are Salmonella bacteria. Transmitted by airborne droplets from healthy birds. Often birds become infected through food. This infection infects juveniles.

Symptoms:

  • eyes become swollen and watery;
  • cloaca is inflamed;
  • during heavy drinking, there is no appetite;
  • diarrhea occurs;
  • legs swell up;
  • in chickens, growth and development are slowed.

How is the treatment and prevention
As soon as salmonellosis is diagnosed, they immediately begin treatment. Treatment is carried out with a course of furazolidone and streptomycin. For chicks, it is recommended to carry out prevention - vaccination with immune serum is done.

Veterinary specialists recommend to immediately kill the bird after salmonellosis treatment. If the disease has occurred in at least one individual, the rest of the bird is watered with a solution of chloramphenicol.

Salmonella Broilers

Aspergillosis

This is a viral disease that affects the respiratory tract of young individuals. Treats the most dangerous infections.

Symptoms:

  • a state of apathy and lethargy;
  • wheezing is manifested;
  • sometimes coughing and sneezing;
  • no appetite.

Treatment and Prevention
This infection is treated only with antibiotics. Drugs and dosage are prescribed by a veterinarian.
Preventive measures should be aimed at improving conditions of detention. It is possible that drafts and dampness are present in the hen house, so this should all be eliminated. The room needs to be warmed, it is advisable to install a heater and adjust the ventilation system.

Broiler Aspergillosis

Pullorosis

This infection is caused by a bacterium called Bacillus pullorum. It is very difficult to determine this disease, because at the first stage it almost does not manifest itself at all and can begin to develop already in the egg with the embryo.

If, nevertheless, you managed to determine that the bird was ill, then it must be urgently removed from healthy individuals. This will help stop the spread of the infection.

Symptoms:

  • the occurrence of white diarrhea;
  • rapid and labored breathing;
  • depletion of young individuals occurs, broilers often fall;
  • birds have constant thirst.

How to treat and prevent
Affected individuals are put in isolated rooms and treated with biomitsin. All broilers, regardless of whether they are sick or not, add furazolidone to the feed.

As a preventive goal, a permanent airing of broiler houses is carried out. It is also necessary to isolate infected individuals in time.

Pulloz at broilers

Rickets

This disease occurs in chickens. It appears due to the lack of calcium and vitamin D.

Symptoms:

  • in chicks, their legs are denied and they fall on them when walking;
  • there is a slowdown in growth and development;
  • nestlings become depressed, lethargic, apathy appears.

Treatment and Prevention
During treatment of this condition, vitamin preparations are prescribed. Various premixes with high calcium content are added to the feed.

Be sure to comply with preventive measures - it is not desirable to contain a large number of young animals in a single cage. In addition, you need to conduct periodic walks in the fresh air.

Rickets in broiler chickens

Marek's disease: what it is, treatment, care and prevention for chickens at the age of one month

This pathology is mainly found in adult broilers. The virus affects the nervous system and the eyes of birds.

Symptoms:

  • there is a modification of the iris of the eye and the pupil. As a result, complete blindness occurs;
  • coordination of movements and motor functions is disturbed. Broilers have sore legs and they limp when walking;
  • during illness, goiter paralysis occurs, which leads to complete exhaustion;
  • mucous membranes become pale in color.

How to treat and prevent
Since this is a serious and dangerous disease, it cannot be cured, therefore it is important to make an accurate diagnosis. After determining the disease, the bird must be slaughtered immediately.

Since the bacteria of the disease have a high survivability and can remain for a long time on the feathers and down of the bird, the hacked carcass must be burned.

Bird flu

This is a dangerous viral infection. It affects the respiratory tract and the gastrointestinal tract.

Symptoms:

  • cough, runny nose, sneezing;
  • high body temperature;
  • a state of apathy and lethargy;
  • diarrhea.

How to treat and prevent
This disease is not treatable. After the detection of bird flu, the bird immediately hacks.

As a preventive measure, strict adherence to hygienic and sanitary standards of poultry keeping is necessary. It is worth remembering that bird flu is especially dangerous for the human body.

Infection of broiler chickens with avian flu

Chicken Pox: Growing Healthy Chickens

Chicken pox is spread by rodents and skin parasites. The causative agent of the disease has a high survivability in the environment. The disease affects the internal organs and the mucous membrane of the eyes.

Excellent preparations for the treatment of diseases of broilers:

Symptoms

  • sneezing, runny nose, cough;
  • in open areas of the body, clear red spots may occur, which are subsequently converted into scabs;
  • from the affected birds is an unpleasant smell;
  • affected individuals experience heavy breathing and difficulty in swallowing;
  • there is a state of weakness, lethargy and depression.

How to treat and prevent
This disease is treatable only in the initial stages. Therefore, you should not immediately slaughter the bird, but to carry out therapeutic procedures with the help of glazolin, boric acid, furatsilina solution.

As a preventive measure, it is necessary to periodically disinfect and clean the house.

Diseases of broilers are almost the same as diseases and infections of chickens. The only difference is the spread of infection in broilers is fast, This is due to the fact that the birds are contained in a confined space. For this reason, it is imperative to conduct regular check-ups at the veterinarian and carry out appropriate prophylaxis.

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