Today, Amur grapes are particularly popular. Since it can be planted practically in any region of the country, from the south to the north. It is not afraid of frost, it survives well and recovers from damage, gives a good harvest with excellent taste. And how exactly to plant and care for it, creating optimal conditions for growth, we will talk further in our article.
Description of the Amur grape variety
White grapes have received their amazing qualities due to the removal of A.I. Potapenko it from a wild plant - Amur lianas.
This allowed us to make a variety that would withstand severe frosts and cold, but still remained sweet and tasty, it seems to have been planted in the south, and not in the north of the country. In winter, part of its branches froze through, without needing further pruning.
There are several varieties of Amur grapes:
- Amur breakthrough;
- Amur Triumph;
- gold potapenko;
- new early russian.
- Amur Breakthrough
- Golden Potapenko
- New early Russian
Also the mass of grapes varies from 0.3 to 0.8 kg. On average, the sugar content of berries is in the region of 20-22%. The first to begin to bear fruit is a new early Russian, and then a breakthrough, a triumph and a golden Potapenko.
Characteristics of berries
The berries of the Amur grape as a whole are small, but clusters can reach by weight. 1 kg. It all depends on the type of plant.
The same applies to the color of the fruit:
- Amur breakthrough and triumph - dark pink;
- gold Potapenko - yellow.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The main advantages of the variety include:
- awesome viability plants. It recovers well after damage;
- high frost resistance, allowing to get a good harvest, even in the northern region of the country;
- excellent taste;
- good resistance to plant diseases;
- unpretentious care.
The disadvantages of the variety include:
- in view of tall plants to achieve high yield is almost impossible;
- the need for constant pruning of the plant, since the grapes can turn into an ornamental plant.
Most often Amurets planted cuttings in the middle of October. In order for the plant to start well, it is better to choose a plot with loose and acidic soil. It should pay attention to the amount of mineral components was sufficient.
It is best to have no trees nearby, because the vine can “capture” it, thereby losing its fertility.
Planted cuttings stands at a distance more than one meter apart. Moreover, it is important to pay attention to the occurrence of sewage. To prevent damage to the root system of the vineyard, their depth should be more than 2.5 m.Amursky saplings
The pit is pulled deep 60 * 60 cm. Rubble, fertilizer and soil are poured on its bottom. For one seedling need about a bucket of compost.
Care for a young and mature vine
The need for regular watering of bushes arises only for young vines, whereas further in adulthood the plants are not at all afraid of drought. But in the spring it is best to water the grapes abundantly to ensure a normal growing season.
To ensure long-term preservation of moisture in the soil, the irrigation site is covered mulch. To do this, you can use dry grass, straw, sawdust or dry moss.
There is no need to prepare bushes for wintering. Because they exhibit excellent low temperature resistance. While the young seedlings still can be worried. Especially if they were dropped off in the fall.
Amurets tend to grow rapidly. That is why the bushes it is important to cut in time. Otherwise, the grapes may cease in an ornamental plant, the recent fruit.Amur grapes tend to grow very quickly and needs pruning
It is recommended to feed the grapes with mineral fertilizers. once a year. That will be quite enough. But subject to the fertility of the soil on which it grows. If the soil is poor in this respect, it is necessary to increase the number of fertilizer processes.
You can grow grapes in several ways. The most common of them are landing. seeds, cuttings and seedlings.
Amurets can be purchased in a specialty store sealed. The shelf life of seeds is not more than five years. If you plant them in the autumn, at the end of the cold stratification, shoots will appear in 30 days. The depth of planting should be no more than 15 mm.
Reproduction of grape bushes can occur by cuttings. However, they do not need to be treated with stimulants before disembarkation. For high-quality rooting to occur, it is better to cover the cuttings with non-woven material.Grape seeds Amur
The reproduction of Amur grapes by seedlings is practically no different from ordinary planting. Here the requirements and recommendations are the same. Fertile, loose and desiccant soil, abundant sunlight and protection from the north wind. Although practice shows that green seedlings are experiencing a great winter, without any shocks.
Diseases and pests
Amur grape exhibits high stability in various plant diseases. He is not practically affected by mildew and oidium.
But this does not mean that you should not carry out preventive treatment of the bushes. To do this, you can use specialized tools for diseases and pests, the range of which today is extremely wide.
It is also important to note that even the sweetness and high sugar content of berries does not cause wasp damage. This insect does not dig around grapes.
This variety is recommended to be planted even for beginners, since there are no particular difficulties in this matter. We hope our article will allow you to learn about reproduction, planting and caring for Amur grapes in full.