The variety of kishmish radiant - high-yielding, has the necessary characteristics for cultivation in cold climatic conditions. Many people love the plant for the sweet taste and size of beautiful berries. Further we will talk more in detail about the description and characteristics.
Description of a grape variety of raisin radiant
The period of full maturation ranges from one hundred twenty to one hundred thirty days. The foliage is large, rounded, five-lobed. Flowers bisexual. The average density of pink clusters weigh from five hundred to six hundred and fifty grams, sometimes grow kilogram copies. Harvest can be in the first half of August, receiving from each hectare up to one hundred and fifty centners of berries.
Radiant kishmish is distinguished by an average resistance to diseases; in the spring season it requires special treatments.Grape Kishmish radiant close up on a bush
Characteristics of berries
The grape fruit is pinkish or reddish, shimmering in the sun. The variety belongs to the table, not very watery, the skin on the berries is dense, the flesh is juicy. With an acidity of six to seven grams, the sugar content is twenty-one percent. Grapes exude a delicate nutmeg aroma that perfectly complements and emphasizes taste. The main advantage is that there are no bones in the fruit.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Culture is considered one of the best types of sultanas, has its advantages:
- flexibility and elasticity of the vines, allows you to freely lay them on the surface of the earth and cover for the winter season;
- can be grown even in areas with harsh climatic conditions;
- berries do not contain seeds;
- good ripening of shoots, fruiting - up to seventy percent;
- large clusters, the level of yield is high;
- the thick skin of the berries helps them maintain their external qualities even during long shipments;
- opposes gray rot and oidium;
- ripe clusters can remain on the branches for a long time.
With so many positive qualities, there are also negative sides:
- from the gravity of the largest clusters of the vineyard branches can break;
- for the winter season should be built a reliable shelter;
- badly opposes mildew and root phylloxera;
- high level of sugar content of the berries attracts wasps;
- on too long clusters of berries ripen badly;
- requires competent and proper care.
Grape culture during growth need freedom, for this reason, choose a scheme for planting 2.5 by 3 meters.
The root system of seedlings must be soaked in water or treated with a solution that stimulates growth. The landing pit is prepared in advance, its size is 80 to 80 centimeters. Fertilizer formulations are laid on the bottom.
The seedling is installed in the hole, the roots are sprinkled, watering is carried out in the amount of twenty liters of water. The soil is rammed, mulched with sawdust or dry leaves. It is necessary to immediately install the trellis and tie up the vine.
Grape cuttings can be planted in spring and autumn. The radish grows slowly on the Viney Rum, a year later two five-centimeter shoots grow.
The soil composition should be sandy or fertile. If the earth is alkaline, then the pot will not have enough potassium, in the more acidic areas he will need to add sodium and phosphorus.
Care for a young and mature vine
The variety is distinguished by the gravity of the clusters, has a tendency to grow over. Best of all, if the number of shoots on one bush will reach twenty - twenty two. The formation of the bush fan, multi-sleeve, pruning perform at right angles. On an adult bush it is necessary to leave three to four vines, the length of which does not exceed three meters.Vine Care Grape Kishmish Radiant
On the shoot there should not be more than two clusters, otherwise the berries begin to shrink from overload, their taste is deteriorating, the next season there is a threat not to get a harvest. In the cultivation of plants for industrial purposes used gibberellin, increasing the size of the berries.
During the period of growth, the plant responds well to the introduction of nitrogenous fertilizers. It is necessary to water the bushes every three days, limiting the amount of moisture during the flowering period and a few weeks before the harvest begins. From the excess moisture and nutritional components may disappear in the taste of nutmeg berries.
The land between the bushes is loosened, weed vegetation is removed. In hot summer, the soil of the vines must be mulched to protect the roots from drying out and to make additional fertilizer.
In the spring, before the plant has dissolved the kidneys, it is necessary to perform a preventive spraying against diseases and harmful parasites.
By the winter season the grape plant is laid on the ground, the old vines are covered with straw.
In addition to planting ready seedlings, a grape plant can be propagated by layering and grafted onto stocks.The process of reproduction of grapes layers
Diseases and pests
The grape plant does not have a high level of resistance to diseases, but its immune system can be strengthened with timely treatments with special chemical compounds. Introducing mineral fertilizer compounds. At the same time carry out preventive spraying from diseases.
From bacterial diseases, it is recommended to use a three percent solution of copper oxychloride or manganese.
Nitrafen and ferrous sulfate will help to cope with powdery mildew and pests, colloid sulfur will protect against oidium.The most dangerous enemy of the variety is the wasps
Phylloxera affects not only the vine. But also roots. As a preventive measure, the plant must be treated in early spring with an oil emulsion with the addition of lindane.
One of the main pests of berries - wasps. It is recommended to arrange the bait with the poison, to cover the clusters with gauze, selectively harvest the crop, not allowing it to ripen.
The grapes are really tasty, their quality surpasses many other cultures. For beginners it may seem difficult to grow, but if you organize proper care, the plant will thank you for its excellent harvest.