Cherries are in every garden, so each owner chooses for himself the varieties that he likes the most. If you are interested in delicious, aromatic and large berries, the sweet heart of a sweet cherry is a good option. That is why it is worth talking about this variety as detailed as possible, the description and characteristics of which are given below.
Description of the sweet cherry variety Bull Heart
Trees sredneroslye, pyramidal crown, compressed, medium density. Shoots are straight and smooth, light brown in color. Inflorescence on two or three flowers. The leaves are large saturated green color.
Fruit ripening occurs around the first half of June. And gardeners are advised to harvest immediately. Since the long presence of cherry on the tree can lead to cracks on the berries.Sweet Cherry Bovine Heart
Immediately after planting, the tree quickly develops and grows. By the age of 4-5, it begins to bear fruit and somewhat slows down its growth.
The variety is frost resistant. It normally transfers winter with a temperature - 20 degrees Celsius. At the same time, there will be nothing for the fruit buds and the wood itself. If the indicators on the thermometer fall significantly lower - 20 degrees, the tree can get stressed and not bear fruit for one year. That is why in places with harsh winters, it is not necessary to plant a bullish heart sweet cherry.
Many cherries, which are grown in Russia, do not have the ability to self-pollination. Among them is the Bull Heart. Therefore, to obtain a full crop, you need to plant several trees in one place at once, otherwise the tree will give a very small percentage of ovaries, usually not more than 10%. Pollinators for each other can be different varieties, but it is necessary that the dates when they bloom coincide.
The fruits are large and beautiful. The weight of one berry is on average 7-8 grams. In form, as the name implies, sweet cherry resembles the heart of a bull. The skin is smooth and shiny. When the berry ripens, it becomes purple-red, almost black.The name of the variety was due to the shape of the berries
The flesh is dark red, dense in texture, juicy and rich in taste. If you assess the taste of the berries - definitely five plus.
Advantages and disadvantages
Any variety has its advantages and disadvantages. Consider them in more detail later in the article.
Positive qualities of sweet cherry heart:
- high resilience to various diseases;
- lovely taste qualities;
- the ability to eat fresh as well canned as compote, juice, jam or jam;
- high resistance to low temperatures and frost;
- good yield varieties.
Negative qualities of the variety:
- low transportability;
- after harvesting fruit spoil quicklytherefore, they should be immediately recycled;
- under certain weather conditions berries can crack, for example, if the long-lasting wet weather is replaced by dry and hot gusts of wind.
Since the fruits themselves are large and juicy, they are poorly stored even in the refrigerator. For such berries you need to constantly make sure that they do not deteriorate. And it is better to pick cherries if necessary and immediately process them.
Planting and care
Cherry has a high resistance to lower temperatures, therefore it can be planted in spring and autumn. But still spring should be preferred. After all, it will allow the tree to settle down well in a new place in favorable conditions.
When choosing a planting site, it is worth remembering that sweet cherry loves light and heat, and does not tolerate drafts. Therefore, the south side of the plot is the best option.The best time for planting is spring - it will be easier for the plant to adapt and strengthen during the warm period of the year.
The soil must be fertile and moisture permeable. In order not to damage the seedling's root system, the wastewater must be deeper than 1.5 m from the ground. For this variety loamy and sandy soil is best suited. If the land is swamped, planting a tree is not worth it.
It is recommended to plant seedlings no closer than three meters from each other. Whereas the spacing between rows should be about five meters.
Bury the seedling should be gradually, shaking it several times to fill the pit well with soil. Make sure the root neck is left on the surface. At the same time, a garter stake is installed.
At the final stage of planting a tree, it is recommended to pour it abundantly with at least three buckets of water.
Cherry Bull's heart prefers a moist environment, so special attention is paid to watering wood. It should be abundant, but not frequent. Once a month will be quite enough. For a newly planted plant, there are three buckets of water; for a mature plant, six.
It is necessary to make watering of a tree all vegetative period of its growth, from the appearance of the first green and the fall of the last leaf. At the same time, special attention is paid to autumn watering, since the plant needs to stock up with moisture for the whole winter.When watering a young tree, no more than 3 buckets of water are used, but for irrigation of a large and fruiting cherry, at least 6 buckets are needed
After planting, the seedling does not need any additional feeding; it needs fertilizer that was used immediately. Whereas in subsequent years it is recommended to use humus, previously diluted in water.
As mineral fertilizers it is recommended to use superphosphates and nitrate. Their introduction should be carried out in extremely small doses and with significant time intervals.
Fruit ripening occurs on average: under favorable conditions, it is the middle of June, in other cases - the middle of July. Sweet cherries need a lot of light and heat to make the fruits ripen well and find their attractive appearance and good taste.
Features gradeSweet Cherry Bull Heart is great for preservation
- berries differ heart-shaped, why the name of the variety went;
- You can eat berries fresh. They are very juicy and tasty. But canning fruits also lend themselves well. After heat treatment cherries acquire a dark red hue;
- cherries allows you to harvest large berries. And there is a certain pattern, the better the soil - the larger the fruit.
Diseases and pests
The grade a bull heart differs in high resistance to various diseases. To protect young seedlings from rodents, it is recommended to wrap his trunk with a sacking cloth. Plus, it will warm the plant for the winter. It is possible to protect against rodent attacks in the following ways:
- scatter around the poison from rodents;
- to tie a trunk branches ate;
- to tie up the trunk of the seedling with roofing material.
Cherry bull heart is very popular. Because its fruits are large, tasty and fragrant. Care of seedlings is not difficult. But here with the preservation of the berries after their breakdown there is a problem they need to be processed immediately. Therefore, it is worth evaluating all the pros and cons before growing such trees.