A tomato has long been recognized as a favorite vegetable by gardeners; it is grown under different weather conditions. The pledge of a good harvest both in the open field and in the greenhouse is seedlings, which not everyone likes to grow. The easiest way is to plant purchased bushes, but there can be many different nuances. After all, not always you can buy quality seedlings that will fully meet the desired criteria. It is best to grow tomatoes for seedlings on your own, then you will know exactly what fertilizers are applied and which ones should be added.
Nowadays there are so many different ways and methods to plant vegetables. Not deprived of attention and tomato. He was especially loved and most of the experiments were performed on him. They are engaged in its cultivation both in a bucket, and in a paper, and even under a film.
Popular methods of planting and growing tomatoes
Tomatoes are grown in different ways, they simply can not be counted. Each gardener can share his own, known only to him the secrets of planting and growing tomatoes. We will consider the most popular and well-known methods, the application of which is known to many.
Most growing methods are based on saving space, not everyone has a wide window sill for growing seedlings, or the unwillingness to mess around with seeds and picking seedlings. It was with these promptings that experiments with seeds and ready-made seedlings began:
Galina Kizima Method
Perhaps the most famous non-standard method of growing tomato seedlings in a city apartment is the Galina Kizima method. It is based on the minimum possible use of the soil and the complete saving of space during the germination of tomato seeds. The so-called "swaddling" is quite effective, this method can grow other vegetables.
To do this, several layers of ordinary toilet paper are spread on polyethylene and moistened with a spray bottle. On it lay out the previously soaked tomato seeds, the distance between each seed should be at least 1 cm, from the edge indent by 2 cm. After the seeds are covered with several layers of paper and also moisten it.
- Preparation of paper tape for seeds
- Sowing seeds on paper tape
- Folding Seed Ribbon
- Seed Ribbon Distribution
- Water pouring seed
- Ready sprouts for planting
Next, the resulting ribbon with seeds twisted tight rolls and stir in any container and sent to a bright and warm place. After the shoots appear and the plants get a little stronger, they will have to be “transplanted” into separate diapers.
For this, pieces of square-sized polyethylene with a side of 20 cm are used. Ground is poured into the center of the square, and a seedling is placed in it so that all the leaves are above the polyethylene. After turning the bottom edge, and then the side so as to get a tight roll. The soil before this is plentifully watered, and then not moistened for 10-14 days.
The seedlings grown by this method do not require picks, the stems are strong with a large number of leaves, but the rhizome develops poorly. After the appearance of the third pair of these leaves, tomato seedlings are planted in the greenhouse.
Before planting it is necessary to tear off several lower leaves, and lay out the seedlings with the tops strictly north. Before that, a glass of wood ash and a pinch of potassium permanganate are put into each prepared well, everyone is poured with a bucket (!) Of water, and only when the water is absorbed do they start planting plants.
How to grow tomatoes under a covering material in a greenhouse or groundTomatoes under the covering material
Tomato seedlings are grown in a seedless way under a covering material or film. As soon as the earth warms a little, they prepare a bed. Loosen the soil, make there fertilizers, moisturize. Prepared and processed seeds are sown in shallow grooves, up to a maximum of 1 cm. Grains are sprinkled with a layer of soil, watered with warm water and covered. Agrofiber or polyethylene can be used as a covering material. In this way, a greenhouse effect is created, in which the soaked grains sprout much earlier.
The method of growing under covering material is designed to save time, it is used more in the southern areas and the middle lane.
Growing method in buckets
Growing tomatoes in buckets according to reviews gardeners gives significantly greater yields. Repeatedly conducted experiments in this regard, which confirmed this fact. The method is suitable for greenhouse cultivation, in open space, tomatoes are not so plentiful fruit.
It is already impossible to determine exactly who initiated this method of cultivation. He began to use because of the lack of a seat for grown seedlings. In a bucket they collect a mixture of soil from the plot and compost, plant a tomato sprout, and water it plentifully. During the entire period of growth before fruiting, as it dries, the soil is periodically watered, during the period of formation of the ovary watering increase. The method allows to significantly extend the period of fruiting of any variety, while growing vegetables is possible not only in the greenhouse, but also on the balconies and loggias.Tomatoes in buckets
There is an officially registered method, for it initially prepared buckets with soil mixture are used. It is worth noting that the container on the recommendations, it is better to dig into the ground by 25-30 cm.
The described methods are recognized as the most common and effective for growing tomatoes in different weather conditions.. Their effectiveness is confirmed by novice gardeners, and experts in this case.
To plant and grow tomatoes and other vegetables is possible under any conditions. This can be done even when there is a catastrophic lack of space on the plot or it is completely absent. To do this, just enough to exactly follow all the instructions and tips.