The work of breeders to create new varieties of fruit and vegetable crops makes it possible to get a variety of hybrid varieties for every taste and preference of gardeners and gardeners. Many of them are a true decoration of the garden and the table. One of these hybrids is the Tomato Cap Monomakh. About the description and characteristics of the vegetable talk later.
The main characteristics of varieties of tomato Monomakh hat
Tomato The Cap Monomakh was bred by Russian breeders and officially registered in 2003. In the process of working on the creation of a new variety, domestic breeders pay great attention to adapting it to the Russian climatic conditions. Monomakh's hat is not an exception, so he immediately won love and great popularity among gardeners.
Main factors: large-fruited, high yield, excellent taste, resistance to all typical diseases.Still green fruit tomato monomakh hat close-up
Description of the bush
Indeterminate plant type, ideal for growing in greenhouses, but in open ground, subject to the formation of a bush and a garter, also gives very good results. It reaches a height of 1.5 m, it is better to form in two stems: in addition to the main one, the second barrel is the stepson, which is located below the first brush, and the other stepchildren are necessarily removed.
Bushes are compact, on 1 sq. M. m can be planted up to 6 plants.
Description of the fetus
This variety is designed for lovers of very large fruits - their weight reaches 500-800 g, slightly ribbed, beautiful pink color. The tomato favorably differs in magnificent sweet taste with a slight sourness, strong aroma, sugar content. The main purpose - fresh consumption, preparation of juices, pastes, sauces due to the optimal combination of acids and sugars. The solids content is quite high - 4-6% per 100g of product.
To prevent the brushes from breaking under the weight of the fruits and the tomatoes grow into large sizes, no more than 2-3 ovaries should be left on the floral brush. Fruits are stored well, but not very long.A garden of tomatoes in the greenhouse
For the season, with the proper farming practices of a tomato, up to 8 kg of a tomato is collected from one bush, from 1 square meter m - about 18-20 kg.
But nonetheless, Tomato is quite thermophilic, so in the southern regions, where the difference in night / day temperatures is small, gives a better crop than in the middle lane. If the summer is short and the nights are cold, it is better to grow it in greenhouses.
The main advantages
Summarizing all the above, you can highlight the most important advantages of the variety (and there are a lot of them):
- very large and tasty fruits;
- high yield;
- resistance to changeable weather conditions, rain, drought;
- high immunity to various diseases;
- harmonious ripening of tomatoes.
The disadvantages can only be damage to the branches under the weight of the fruit, cracking them in the stage of maturation. You should tie each brush if you want to get a rich harvest. To avoid cracking at the maturation stage, watering is minimized.
Like any other, this hybrid is also grown in a seedling manner.
Planting seeds and caring for seedlings
Planting of seeds should be calculated taking into account the climatic zone so that at least 60 days have elapsed before the expected transplanting to the open ground. More precisely, the appearance of the first shoots should take 40-45 days.
The process of sowing seeds for seedlings is no different from sowing other tomatoes. Seeds are soaked in a weak solution of manganese for 0.5 hours. Prepare the container and the soil in advance. For soil, take 1/2 of the land, 1/2 of peat or rotted manure. On 1 bucket mix you need to add 2 cups of sand and 1 cup of wood ash, mix well. Fill the container with soil: wooden boxes with a height of 10-12 cm, plastic cups or containers with drainage holes.Fruits of tomato cap monomakh close up
The treated seeds are introduced into the soil to a depth of 1 - 1.5 cm, gently moistened, the container is covered with glass or transparent film, put in a warm, well-lit place. When the seeds hatch, the film is removed, the room temperature is slightly lowered so that the sprouts do not stretch out, but the illumination should still be maximum (at least 12-14 hours).
At the stage of the emergence of 2 of these sheets of seedlings dive and pinch. After 10 days, you can make the first combined feeding.
Planting seedlings in open ground and subsequent care
In open soil or greenhouse seedlings are planted at the age of 40-45 days, pre-hardened on the street during the daytime. Landing scheme - 50x60 cm per 1 square. m - up to 4 plants.
Next - the usual care: moderate watering with warm water 3 times a week, timely feeding, loosening the soil and removing weeds, compulsory stumping and careful garters of the bushes.
How to get seeds next year?
To always have good seeds and be confident in the correctness of the variety, you can independently prepare the seeds for planting next year. It is necessary to choose a large mature specimen, remove seeds from all chambers, soak in water overnight, rinse well under running water. Lay out on a napkin or soft cloth to dry in a ventilated room, but not in direct sunlight.
Keep in a dry place until spring.
No wonder the tomato is particularly popular among gardeners - great taste and simplicity have made him a regular guest on the table of summer salads.