Tomato Caspar rightfully became the favorite of many gardeners. Farmers love for this variety is caused by fertility and unpretentiousness in cultivation. This variety is considered the best intended for canning. The description and characteristics of this tomato are presented below.
Characteristics and description of the variety of tomato Caspar
Variety of tomato Caspar was bred by Holland breeders. In the Russian registry was made in 2015. Caspar is a variety of early aging. It can grow both in the greenhouse and in the open beds. The aging period in greenhouses is 85-90 days, in open beds - 120 days. The bush is short.Early ripe variety of tomato Caspar
The height of the bush does not exceed 90 centimeters. The leaves are large, light green color, rolling in a darker tone. Fruits of the extended cylindrical form on the end with a spout. The weight of a fruit is 85-140 grams, has 3 seed chambers. The color of the ripe fruit is orange-red. The taste is sour, the peel of the fruit is thick, a little coarse. This variety has a high yield. From one bush can collect up to 2 kilograms of fruit.
Advantages and disadvantages
This variety of tomatoes has the following advantages:
- unpretentious in cultivation;
- high yield;
- bush compact, does not require pasynkovaniya;
- early ripening time;
- long fruiting period;
- ability to ripening;
- perfect fit for canning;
- does not crack;
- the good transportability;
- a great marketable condition;
- resilience diseases and pests;
- versatility cultivation (greenhouses, open beds);
- various growing regions;
- long lasting shelf life.
Along with the advantages of Caspar, there are also disadvantages:
- rough skin. When used in salads, it must be removed;
- subject to top rot;
- need tying up.
Seed and soil preparation for sowing
Before sowing seeds, be sure to soak for 20 minutes in a 1% solution of manganese for disinfection. Then rinse thoroughly under running water and lower for 5 hours into the ash solution prepared in this proportion:
- water is 1 liter;
- ash-1 tablespoon.
The soil for the growth of this variety is better to take from the garden, where previously grown cucumbers, onions, carrots. Mix it in equal parts with peat and sifted river sand and add ash to normalize the level of acidity. Soil plentifully pour a strong solution of manganese for disinfection.
Sowing seeds and growing seedlings
Sowing must be done in the last days of March. Sow seeds in grooves, or holes to a depth of 0, 7 cm with a distance of 2 cm from each other. Moisten the soil with an atomizer, cover with polyethylene and remove to a dark room with a temperature of + 24-25 degrees. Polyethylene must be removed periodically to give access to oxygen.After sowing the seeds, cover the tray with film.
After 5-7 days, when the first sprouts of polyethylene appear, remove and transfer the seedlings to a well-lit room. The temperature is reduced to 15 degrees. The first days it is necessary to organize additional round-the-clock lighting using fluorescent lamps. In the future, make sure that the light day was at least 16 hours.
Watering must be done once a day. using a spray bottle. Watering from a watering can is not recommended so as not to damage the still weak root system with a stream of water.
The first time to make dressing is recommended 14 days after the emergence of shoots. In the future, fertilizing should be done every week. For tomatoes, fermented mullein or chicken manure is the best feeding.
By the time the leaves appear on the seedlings, the seedlings must be transplanted into separate 1 liter containers. Transplantation must be carried out carefully, with a lump of earth from the previous place of growth, so as not to damage the root system that has not yet become stronger. After transplanting, seedlings must be watered with a spray bottle..Dive tomato seedlings Caspar
Two weeks before disembarking on open beds, seedlings must be hardened. For this, the first 2 days open a window for 2-3 hours in the room. The next three days the pots with seedlings are carried out for 2-3 hours on the street. All subsequent days increase the residence time of seedlings in the open air. Two days before planting, seedlings on the street are left for a day.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Planted seedlings in open ground in the last days of May, when the frosts will pass. By this time, the seedling age should be 70 days. The beds for tomatoes should be well lit by the sun, but there should be no drafts. Before planting, pour the soil with a strong solution of manganese to prevent diseases.
Holes should be made at a distance of 50 cm from each other, and between rows should be at least 70 cm. After transplanting, seedlings must be watered from the watering can with warm settled water. Further watering is carried out with full drying of the soil. After watering, the soil must be loosened so that a crust does not form, which prevents the penetration of oxygen to the root system.Scheme tape-cluster method of planting tomatoes
The bush has a large number of leaves, therefore pasydkovanie and the formation of a bush in two stalks. Since the stem can move along the ground, the bush must be tied to a support in order to avoid contact of the fruit with the ground.
Feed must be made regularly. Fertilizing tomatoes Caspar is recommended potash phosphate fertilizers. The first dressing must be made at the time of setting fruit. Each subsequent conduct with an equal period of time. During the fruiting period, you need to perform a total of four fertilizing.
Diseases and pests
Caspar is exposed to such diseases as:
- top rot;
- late blight.
In case of late blight disease Bushes are recommended to treat Bardo fluid.
- Vertex Rot
- Late blight
Very often, this variety of tomatoes attacked by aphids. To combat this pest, spraying with a solution of ash or a solution of laundry soap is recommended.
- in the greenhouse - in 85-90 days;
- in open beds - after 110-120 days.
This type of tomato is used for canning as a whole, for vegetable assortment and for preparing vegetables in its own juice.
Due to its high yield, Caspar’s tomato won the love of farmers selling vegetables, and unpretentiousness in growing and care This variety can grow even beginner gardener.