A pick of cabbage is carried out in the event that the need arises to thin the crops or to provide the seedlings with the necessary nutrients until they are transplanted into open beds.
The need for cabbage seating
When sprouts form one or two leaves, the seedlings should dive into small containers. This is necessary to improve lighting, expanding the nutritional areas for the roots, strengthening them.
Advantages and disadvantages of a dive
Carry out the event then, if the sowing of seeds is carried out early, the first harvest is calculated at the beginning of the summer season, and the weather conditions do not allow to transplant seedlings into unprotected soil. At the same time in the house the plants begin to wither from the lack of nutrients and excessive thickening. There are a number of reasons why picking will benefit you:
- dense crops, which are meant to dive further, make it possible to save space on the windowsills;
- in the process, you can replace the depleted soil composition;
- when picking, it is easy to remove diseased and weak shoots;
- seedlings receive the necessary amount of light and nutrients, by the time of transplantation into the ground it is getting stronger, developing roots.
It turns out that the picking delays the development of the seedling. In addition, the root, damaged, begins to form the lobes of the lateral processes, capturing large areas of nutrition. At the same time, the main root is reduced, not allowing the plant to obtain moisture and nutrition, which is why it is necessary to irrigate more often.
Cabbage diving is considered a costly business, not only in cash but also in time, the result sometimes does not justify the cost.Schematic image of the picks
When can I perform a pick?
In the southern areas of cabbage, you can simply sow in the beds. But closer to the north, where the summer is not so long, the seedling method is used to obtain good yields. That is, young shoots of the initial period of their growing season are at home. It helps to artificially extend the warm season, the cabbage grows and ripens fully.
Many gardeners have mastered this method perfectly, but to obtain high-quality seedlings it is necessary to observe the optimal timing of its dive.
|Cabbage variety||Age of seedlings for picking (recommended), days||The deadline when picking is ineffective|
|White and early grades, Savoy||7 - 8||14 - 16|
|Broccoli, kohlrabi, color||9 - 10||17 - 19|
Among other things, it is necessary to resolve in advance the question of lighting the seedlings - to organize their lighting up.Seedlings before picking
Such work can be done in two ways.
The first option is transplanting. To facilitate the task, the seedlings are watered a couple of hours before the procedure. After that the wetted earthen lump is easily removed from the landing tank. This method allows, if necessary, to pinch the main root in order for the plant to form side branches. It is recommended to hold the seedling during transplantation by the leaves, in order not to accidentally damage the thin stem. The method is also good because you can check the results of your work by gently jerking the sapling up by the leaves. If the picking failed, then the plant will come out of the ground without problems. This means that the soil is not very tight to the stem and roots.
Transfer - the second method of picking seedlings. It is good that the root system of seedlings does not receive any damage. For seedlings do not need time to adapt, their development does not stop.
When growing seedlings, many prefer to use cups of paper or polyethylene. In addition, there are also film containers. To do this, the film is cut into rectangular stripes, rolled up into tubes, sealed. Tanks without donuts are installed in the landing box tightly, filled with soil composition, compacted.
You can apply and nutritional cubes. To do this, the soil is laid in a box, leveled and compacted. Then, using a plywood sheet, the contents of the landing tank are cut into cubes. In the center of each cube a recess is arranged with a thin wand, where the seedlings will spike.
- Cabbage picking option
- Picking seedling
How to thin out seedlings at home?
Already found that picking seedlings will provide not only new areas for food, but also allow you to update the soil composition. It is recommended to dive only healthy, strengthened seedlings, rejecting curves that have injuries and even small thickenings on the roots.
Cabbage shoots must be well shed, so that they are easily removed, and the damage to the roots was minimal. Naturally, you should prepare pots, cups or cubes in advance, make up the soil mixture. For this, 10 g of potassium chloride and 20 g of superphosphates and ammonium nitrate are added to a bucket of soil. The dimensions of the landing tanks should be "six by six by eight" centimeters.
When diving, you should use a small wooden spatula or a teaspoon cutting, carefully picking up a seedling with an earthy lump and moving it to another place. If the central spine is too elongated, you can pinch it. But it will be better if you save it in the whole condition.Adding feed before picking
Rules and scheme
The seedling is deepened to the seedbed leaf that appeared first. This option stimulates the formation of additional roots, increases the nutrition of the germ. After completing the transplant, the seedlings must be watered, sheltered from direct sunlight for a couple of days, create a temperature regime within ten degrees of heat at night and thirteen - during the day.
How to care for spiked seedlings?
As soon as the sprouts take root and resume development, they can be fed with mullein, diluting it with one to five water. It is possible to add 3g of superphosphate to this composition per liter or bird droppings diluted 1 to 15. In a couple of weeks, it is permitted to carry out a second feeding with the same extract of mullein. For each liter, add 6 g of superphosphate, 4 - ammonium nitrate, 2 - potassium chloride. On the eve of the landing, it would not be superfluous to perform a similar procedure again.
In warm weather, containers with seedlings can be taken out onto the balcony, while taking them out to heat in the night. A week before transplanting into the ground, hardening is organized. Do not forget to water, gently loosen the top layer of soil and remove weeds.
If you have fully complied with all the recommendations, then in the future you will find a good harvest of cabbage. It is only necessary to determine for themselves the option of planting cabbage, properly carry out a pick.