Atrium cabbage variety was obtained by a hybrid method by Dutch breeders. This vegetable culture has gained immense popularity among gardeners and is widely used in cooking.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Atria is a variety of late ripening with medium-sized, tight, round heads. The main characteristics of the atrium cabbage are: oval leaves, dense, slightly curved, leaf color is bright green. On sheets noticeable wax coating. The weight of the head from an average of 1.5 kg to 8 kg. The term of aging is 135-150 days.
Below is a description of the advantages of this variety:
- excellent taste;
- wide use in cooking;
- impeccable presentation;
- good transportability;
- not prone to cracking;
- high disease resistance;
- high yield;
- storage time - six months.
Atrium Cabbage Seed Preparation
Hardening is performed in the following way:
- Immerse the seed in hot water with a temperature of 50-60 degrees. To sustain 15-20 minutes, get and fill with ice water for 2 minutes. After that, soak for 12 hours in a solution of nitroammofoski and rinse thoroughly.
- Wrap the seeds in a damp napkin and leave for 5-6 days. The napkin needs to be moistened to prevent drying. After 6 days, throw away all non-germinated seeds.
For planting seeds it is necessary to prepare a special soil. To do this in the same parts in wooden boxes you need to mix the turf soil, calcined river sand and peat. If there is no turf land, then you can use the land from the garden, after having previously disinfected it with a strong solution of manganese. Disinfection is necessary to protect young plants from disease. Be sure to feed the soil you need to make superphosphate and ash from the calculation:
- soil - 1 bucket;
- ash - 8-10 grams;
- superphosphate - 18 grams.
In the prepared soil to make grooves up to 2 cm deep, sow the seeds at a distance of 1 cm from each other. The grooves are covered with earth and rammed a bit. Box with seeds put in a room with a temperature of +20 degrees. Seeds will sprout for 5 days. After that, the seedlings are transferred to a room with a temperature of no more than +7 degrees. At non-observance of such temperature condition saplings perish.
After 10 days, when the first two leaves appear, the saplings must be dived. For this, it is best to take peat cups. The cups are filled with the same soil mixture as for planting seeds. Before transplanting seedlings are recommended to pour a weak solution of manganese. Carefully dig up the seedlings so as not to damage the roots. It is more convenient to make a teaspoon. After transplantation, you need to move the seedlings closer to natural light and reduce the temperature in the room: in the daytime to 12 degrees, and at night to 6-8 degrees.
After 22-25 days, when there will be 4 leaves on the seedlings, they can be planted in open soil.Sowing Cabbage Seeds
When two leaves appear on the seedlings, the first feeding is necessary. For this you need to make a solution of the following ingredients:
- water - 1 liter;
- mineral fertilizer - 1/2 part of the pill.
This solution is sprayed with seedlings.
The solution is prepared in the following proportions:
- water - 10 liters;
- urea - 4 grams;
- potassium chloride - 3 grams;
- potassium sulfate - 3 grams.
Before transplanting the seedlings need to harden. Perform the tempering procedure for one and a half - two weeks before transplanting to a permanent place. Hardening is carried out in the following sequence:
- In the room open the window for 4-6 hours. We do it the first two days.
- Then for 7 days we take out the boxes with the seedlings on the balcony and bring them into the room only for the night.
- For a full day we leave the seedlings on the balcony 5 days before the transplant.
To obtain a good harvest, it is important to properly prepare the soil and determine the planting location of the seedlings. Atria loves fertile peaty soil. The plot for the growth of this variety should be well lit. The lack of light will affect the formation of heads. It grows well in the garden, where tomatoes, peas, onions, potatoes, and cucumber previously grew.
The soil for growing cabbage is prepared in the fall. They dig up a bed to a depth of 25-30 cm and not loosening, leave until spring. In spring, the soil is leveled and dug to a depth of 15 cm, the weed is removed. Then fertilizers are applied - per 1 sq. M. meter 4-6 kg of rotted mullein and dug up before planting seedlings a bed 8 cm deep.
Transplanting seedlings in open ground
Atria in open ground is best to replant May 15-20. By this time, the soil is already warm enough and the probability of frost is minimal. The distance between seedlings should be 35-40 cm. The aisle should be 60 cm wide. The transplant is best done in the late afternoon. Seedlings dripped to the first leaflets. For better survival, seedlings should be sprayed for six days at least three times a day. It should also be borne in mind that the roots of the atria are still weak at this moment. Therefore, for two months after planting, weeds should be carefully removed and the soil loosened.
This will help moisture to remain longer in the soil. During the summer should feed 5-6 times. For these purposes, well suited rotted mullein or chicken droppings. The first feeding is carried out two weeks after the landing. The second is 35 days after transplantation. Further feeding is carried out once a month. Fertilizers need to be watered well to avoid burns.Planting cabbage in the ground
Diseases and methods of dealing with them
The most common diseases of Atria include:
In these diseases, the root system is affected. In this case, the seedlings are pulled out, and the land is covered with lime on the site.
Another common disease is mildew. It hits the leaves. With this disease, it is necessary to normalize the humidity and treat the cabbage with a solution of Bordeaux mixture in the ratio: for 1 bucket of water, 500 ml of solution.
Cabbage pests include:
- cruciferous bugs;
- caterpillars of the cabbage scoops;
- cabbage caterpillars;
- Black leg cabbage seedlings
- Cruciferous bug
- Caterpillars on cabbage leaf
- Cabbage Aphid
- Quila on the root of cabbage
Crop harvested in late October - early November. Cabbage cut and spread on racks or in boxes in one row. The cabbage is put stalk up, the cabbies should not be in contact with each other. The temperature in the basement should be no higher than +2 degrees, humidity 93-97%. With proper storage, it retains its taste and presentation until spring. It is noticed that in 1.5 months after harvesting the taste of cabbage is noticeably improved. The fiber in the leaflet becomes less coarse, and it becomes juicy. Observing all the recommendations is not difficult to grow this variety of cabbage. Rich harvest!