A good harvest brings a lot of joy for both a professional farmer and a simple summer resident. With the use of modern technology, this has turned into not so much hard work as an additional hobby. Especially if it concerns the cultivation of pepper in the greenhouse or in the garden, which is growing rapidly and gives the harvest of juicy and sweet vegetables. But there are cases when, at the stage of preparation, the seedlings begin to grow poorly and the future harvest may not at all justify the expectations. Why does this happen and what to do?
The main reasons why poorly growing seedlings pepper
The problem with the growth or height of pepper seedlings often appears as a result of a banal deviations from optimal growing conditions plants.
Bad land when disembarking
The productivity and growth rate of peppers directly depends on the place of their planting in the open ground. Wrong ground for planting will lead to a slowdown or no growth at all.
Before the start of the season, you need to analyze and select the zone with maximum fertility or fertilize it in a timely manner and eventually take the soil from those plots.
If there is a clean field nearby where plants, a bog or a forest have not been cultivated for a long time, then you are very lucky. By the spring, moles begin to dig tunnels and clean earth in the process is thrown to the surface, and it is the most suitable for flowers and seedlings.Land thrown by moles - the most suitable for seedlings
When included in a mixture of soil, such land is necessary roast in the oven in order to avoid the appearance of fungi and parasites, and also to fertilize in addition.
A store-bought mixture of earth can also damage a plant. Before buying, you should study the composition of such products and choose only the one that is suitable for peppers. The most dangerous is considered a mixture of soil saturated with a huge amount of synthetic fertilizers, it harms the plant, its fertility and the health of those who will eat such peppers.
A mixture of 1 part of old sawdust, 2 parts of turf, 4 parts of peat and 1 part of humus, and watered at the end with a solution of potassium permanganate with water, has proven itself well.
Lack of seed preparation
Pepper seeds have some features in storage and preparation for planting. If not used in the period 3-4 yearsthen they become unusable and any cultivation attempts will fail. Therefore, you should adhere to these terms and check the date on the package before buying and sowing.Before sowing seeds, carefully check the date on the package.
For the maximum percentage of germinated sprouts, experienced farmers conduct a procedure for selecting suitable seeds from missing seeds. Before planting, pepper seeds are processed 3% salt solution in clear water.
They are immersed in the solution for 10 minutes, resulting in unusable seeds float. The seeds that remained on the bottom of the tank with the solution, washed in pure water and dried.
A common mistake is considered lack of seed treatment with water and antifungal substances. This affects the growth rate, the number of sprouts and the presence of fungal infections.
The secret is that the dried seeds are washed under warm water, they are placed in a room with a temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius. Allow them to be saturated with moisture, sprayed with a solution of the fungicide and leave them there until germs appear.To pepper seeds are saturated with moisture, it is recommended to germinate them in water
Wrong time for picking and landing in open ground
The result will be a discrepancy between age and size at the time of landing. Many in this case may not even realize that the problem of poor growth does not exist, and the sapling was sown at the wrong time before planting.
There are three types of varieties:
- Early - sowing two months before disembarkation.
- Average - for three months.
- Late - 75 days.
It happens and vice versa, when the seedling outgrows, and the transplant of such plants leads to the loss of part of the crop.
Incorrect lighting and temperature
Error setting temperature or insufficient lighting, lead to slow growth and in the worst case to the death of a young plant.Pepper seedling lighting should be sufficient
Deviations from normal conditions most often occur due to lack of knowledge about the technology of cultivation, improperly constructed places or simple omission of farmers. Average optimum temperature within from 25 to 27 degrees Celsius Lowering to 15 degrees Celsius will result in slower growth, and higher levels will dry out sprouts.
The lack of light leads to abnormal growth and stretching up the stems in the direction of the sun, they become thin and weak, and in the future will lead to a bad harvest or pepper may stop growing.
It will be incorrect to install containers on a cold window sill, a hot battery and in a darkened part of the room. But this problem is easily solved by choosing the right place or installing a lamp. Therefore, properly equipped and selected room will allow more efficient to grow seedlings.
Watering and feeding mode
Watering and feeding the peppers during the period of growing seedlings does not take much time, but mistakes in this process lead to many troubles. According to the technology for normal growth is required only two dressings and maintaining soil moisture through spraying sprouts with warm water droplets.Watering sprouts should be done by spraying with warm water.
It is not necessary to pour water into the soil; this will lead to the leaching of seedlings from the ground or their damage. Excessive addition of water will turn the soil into simple dirt, which will cause the roots to rot. Drying the soil will cause the plant to dry out and die.
Top-dressing occurs with special nutrients or growth stimulants diluted in warm water, which in small doses added to the ground.
Folk methods of helping weak pepper seedlings
Often, to improve growth, natural fertilizing from fermented yeast solution and granulated sugar. It saturates the soil with beneficial substances and a positive effect on seedlings.
Take 1 tbsp. spoon of yeast, 2 tbsp. spoons of sugar and diluted in water in proportions of 1:10. Weak sprouts on the third day will get stronger and start growing at home before picking at a normal pace.
An additional effect will give infusion of sleeping tea defended 5 days. It is prepared from sleeping 1 cup and 3 liters of boiled water.
- Slept welding as a fertilizer
- Bird droppings - source of potassium for pepper seedlings
To saturate the soil with potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, use bird droppings. It is diluted in warm water 1: 2 and insist 3 days, after watering open soil 1 time before planting.
To equalize the pH and protection from pests use ash from a fire.
Additionally, in case of potassium deficiency use ground banana peelwhich is added to the soil. With a lack of calcium is used in small quantities. egg shell powder.
Suitable for disinfection broth of onion peel diluted with water. 20 grams of dry husk insist 3 days on 5 liters of water and irrigate the soil.
Growing pepper seedlings at first glance seems to be time consuming and time consuming, but knowing the features of the plant and all the nuances of technology, working with it will bring a lot of pleasure and many tasty fruits in the future.