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How does black pepper grow and can it be grown at home?

Black pepper, as a spice, known to mankind from time immemorial. Neither the first nor the second dishes can do without its aroma and spicy flavor, nor can you cook delicious marinades without well-known black peas. But not everyone knows as this widely known spice grows - black pepper peas. Recently, the cultivation of black pepper in the summer cottage and at home has become increasingly popular, so I want to answer all the questions in detail.

How and where does sweet black pepper grow?

Homeland spices are subtropics of Asia. Plantations "Malabar berries", is another name for black pepper, located in India, Brazil, Indonesia.

Under natural habitat conditions it is a perennial tree-like liana wrapped around tree trunks.

Pepper vine grows up to 15 meters tall with large leathery leaves and hanging clusters of hard fruit balls.

Green clusters turn red as they mature.. Red berries are collected and dried. In the process of drying, the fruits become well known to everyone, black peas.

How does black pepper grow in Australia:

Is it possible and how to grow a plant at home?

Since at a temperature of + 10 ° С the pepper vine dies, grow it in the open field with us is almost impossible.

But while creating favorable conditions, it grows well and even bears fruit as a houseplant.

With a little patience, you will certainly be able to surprise your family and friends with an exotic tenant on the windowsill.

Where to plant, where to get the seed

So where to plant? For pepper Western and eastern windows are best suited with good lighting and lack of direct sunlight.

If planting is located on the south side, slightly cover the plant from excessive light.

The optimum temperature for growth and development is + 25 ° C. In winter, like in most plants, the pepper vine begins a period of rest, at this time planting feels great at + 16 ° C.

For sowing, you can purchase a bag of allspice black pepperwhich is sold in almost every grocery store.

It is necessary to pay attention to the date of packing, the seeds put up more than a year ago may not ascend.

Before planting, they are soaked for a day in water at + 25- + 30 ° С. Floated pea plant should not be. After that, the seeds are planted in the prepared soil.

For sowing, you can purchase a bag of allspice black pepper

What soil to choose

You need to plant seeds in a pot with a good drainage layer., pepper loves moisture, but with its excess the plant may die.

As the drainage used expanded clay, shards, great for creating a drainage layer of ordinary gravel. We should not forget about the holes for water flow in the bottom of the pot.

For planting perfect ready mix soil for orchidsbut you can prepare the soil yourself. The following composition will be optimal:

  • sand - 1 portion;
  • humus - 1 serving;
  • sod land - 4 servings;
  • leaf ground - 2 servings.

Seeds are planted in late May-early June. They can be covered with foil or glass to create a greenhouse effect.

Landing should be systematically watered and aired. Shoots appear at 3-4 weeks.

You need to plant seeds in a pot with a good drainage layer, ready-made land for orchids will do.

Cultivation and care at home

Watering

Pepper likes good hydration and needs plenty of watering and spraying from spring to autumn. The soil in the pot should be slightly wet.

In winter, watering is reduced and water the plant in two less. If the temperature in the room in winter is within + 20 ° C, it is not necessary to spray it.

Important: watering and spraying is carried out with separated water in which there is less salt and chlorine.

Top dressing

The application of complex mineral fertilizer or diluted chicken manure to the soil will ensure planting with necessary substances.

Fertilize from late April to early October, twice a month.. With sufficient content in the soil of fertilizers, the plant will appreciate a good appearance and active growth.

Pepper needs frequent watering, spraying, fertilizer from late April to early October

Transfer

It is produced every two years.. The plant is placed in a larger pot using the transfer method. Soil before transplantation must be moistened, so as not to damage the root system.

Possible difficulties

Pepper will tell you what he needs at the moment. With a lack of sunlight the plant is pulled out and sheds foliage.

In case of insufficient moisture the tips of the leaves turn brown. Excessive waterlogging leads to yellowing of the leaves.

Direct sunlight can cause burns and leaves to dry.

Little tricks growing

Since it is a vine, need to put a backupto give the seedling a chance to grow normally.

The appearance on the back of the leaves of white "eggs" is normal for the plant.

The green pet begins to bear fruit in the second year of life. Depending on the time of gathering the fruit, you can get green, white, and black pepper.

With good conditions of keeping pepper vine at home can reach 2 m height.

White pepper is obtained by soaking the ripe fruit for 2 weeks and then peeling and drying.

Only black peas can be used as seeds. Red, white and green seeds do not germinate.

Fruiting begins in the second year of life, can reach 2 m in height

Beneficial features

Spice has a powerful antibacterial effect.. It contributes to the preservation of products, which is why it is so popular in hot Asian countries.

Able to normalize the process of digestion. Helps with colds. It is an excellent antioxidant and improves metabolism.

With a lot of useful properties, it should be remembered that pepper is contraindicated in inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and its excessive use can harm.

The program "About the most important" tells about black pepper peas:

Grow peppers at home is easy. A little patience and careful care will make it possible to get a very interesting plant at home, not only useful, but also having excellent decorative properties.

Try it, you will definitely succeed.