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Planting and care for decorative onions in the open field


Onion is not only a plant that is actively used in cooking. More than six hundred species, including decorative ones, belong to the genus Allium Botany. They grow everywhere - in the New Earth, and in southern Africa. Planted decorative varieties of onions can be in the country, flower beds, in the garden. They are quite unpretentious, but they are distinguished by the original color, shape and long flowering period. Only from different varieties of such a flower can you create a so-called garden of continuous flowering. On the cultivation and planting of decorative onions in the ground today's article.

What is a decorative perennial bow?

Ornamental onion varieties are attractive flowering plants of various types. There are both very tiny and high enough specimens.

Decorative bow

Most of these types of onions are perennial, which means that you do not have to buy seeds every year, grow seedlings or pick picking.

In total, about 130 varieties of this flower are used in gardening, and some of them are eaten. However, it is better to add table varieties to the salad, and to decorate a bouquet or a flower bed with decorative ones.

A feature of alliums, because of which they are practically not used in floristics alone, is the high content of essential oils with a specific odor. For the same reason, they are best grown outdoors. These flowers have long been used in landscape design:

  • when forming alpine hills or stone gardens;
  • at registration of borders or group landings;
  • for decoration of garden lawns, parks;
  • use plants as dried flowers.

The most popular varieties of decorative onions

Decorative bow in landscape design

In gardening, use many varieties of such flora, as well as hybrids. Among the popular species can be distinguished chives, aflatunsky, Karatavsky, Roseum, bow Christoph.

  • Chives perfectly familiar to lovers of greenery. You can grow it on the street, and at home in pots. It reproduces very well and grows, it looks very decorative. At the time of flowering leaves may turn yellow. In such cases, they should be cut off, and after a couple of days, new ones will appear.
  • Aflatunsky - the most popular variety of decorative alliuma. He is known under the name of the Dutch. Spherical inflorescences consist of small flowers of violet color.
In some countries, the wild Alfatun bow is on the verge of extinction. It is listed in the Red Book. Plant properties are comparable to ginseng.
  • Karatava - A variety that looks particularly good on mini flower beds and alpine slides. Short but hardy. Inflorescences can be purple, pink, cream.
  • Rozeum - A variety that is distinguished by pale pink flowers of small size.
  • Christopher's Bow - the popular decorative grade used on big beds. The diameter of the balls, which consist of individual flowers, reaches 18-20 cm.

Rules for planting in open ground

Planted in autumn (early-flowering varieties), in September, or in spring (late-flowering varieties), in May or late April.

For decorative onions, sunny areas are chosen - the more light, the more beautiful the coloring of the leaves and the richer the color of the buds.

The depth of planting plays a role: on average, it should be two onion diameters. Between shoots should be up to 0.5 m distance.

Care for allium blooming

It is very important to ensure that such a bow has enough moisture during the growing season - without it, it stops chasing the leaves. Later, he practically does not need watering.

It is not necessary to cover the plant for winter, and allium should be transplanted every four to five years.

The soil should be loose and neutral. It responds well to composting, loves potash fertilizers.
Decorative bow on the summer cottage

Alliums get along perfectly with irises, peonies, delphinium, poppy seeds. During the preparation for flowering the leaves die off, but they can not be torn off. With their help, plants accumulate nutrients in the bulb.

This onion is propagated by bulbs, bulbs or seeds. It is better to divide the overgrown bulbs in the fall, during transplantation. To collect the seed material, the first inflorescences are used, and they should be allowed to fully bloom.

To get a bright decorative flower from seeds, in the first year it is better to grow them on a separate garden bed, and at the end of the season to collect onions. A full-fledged plant is thus obtained only in three years, and sometimes in five years.

Diseases and pests of a decorative onion flower

  • Perinosporosis - caused by fungi. The leaves and flowers turn yellow, dry, in wet weather they show a violet bloom. The reason may be too much nitrogen fertilizer, infection from other plants. The bulbs are treated with a fungicide before planting, and the diseased flowers and the soil around them are treated with Bordeaux mixture.
  • Root mite, onion fly - these pests often affect alliums. To protect the plants, warm up the bulbs at a temperature of up to 40 degrees for 12 hours before planting. Plants can be sprinkled with tobacco dust, ash, sprinkle with dichlorvos.
Decorative bow in combination with other colors

Application and combination with other plants in the open garden

Planted a flower on the alpine hills, in flower beds, stone gardens, used as a curb. Giant blue or blue balls are especially popular. Large varieties are used independently, and they should be planted at a great distance from each other. Small varieties can be planted nearby, "islands": so they look more advantageous.

Since alliums may have dried leaves during flowering, it is better to plant low-growing flowers next to them: delphiniums, hosts. Similar plants look very attractive alongside lupins, poppies, peonies, irises, aquilegia. It is especially good to combine allium with perennials.

In landscape design, both single plants and groups are used. Tall sprouts are planted one by one, creating color accents on certain areas. With a group landing, a decorative bow creates colored spots.

A bed of decorative onions

Picking up varieties with different flowering period, you can create a garden of continuous flowering, which will delight with bright inflorescences from mid-spring to late autumn.

The decorative bow is an original plant with inflorescences in the shape of a ball. It is widely used to create colorful bouquets, flower beds or flower beds. Uncomplicated care and simplicity make this perennial popular with gardeners and landscape designers.