Is it possible to achieve a good harvest of strawberries, in what ways? Experienced growers know how to harvest fruit. There are a number of secrets of how to get a big harvest without the use of pesticides and other additives.
Is it possible to increase the yield of strawberries?
Based on the quality of the soil, the result will be clear. The site must meet the following requirements.:
- the sun should be on the ground;
- the earth must not be oxidized;
- soil fertility.
Every bush is planted in a small hole in the ground. You need to make sure that the leaves are clearly located on the ground., not lower and not higher. So there will be an instant rooting.
Garden strawberries should be planted at a distance of 15 cm. Convenient to plant berries by tapewhich involves two rows.
Each other row should be limited to 50 cm, and 80 cm tape. Before planting seedling needs to be decontaminated using vitriol solution.
Tips for planting strawberries in the fall:
How to achieve high fruiting in the open field
To grow garden strawberries, need regular watering but without diligenceotherwise the leaves will rot. If it is not, you can forget about good yields.
Watering frequency is easy to determine.: if the earth crumbles in the hands, then the soil should be immediately watered. When the primer sticks, it is not required.
Moist soil adversely affects the plant. Water about once a week. During the growth of the fruit, watering increases to 1 time in 4 days. One plant requires half a liter.Strawberries need regular, once a week, watering
Selection of high-yielding varieties to give
The selection of the variety is carried out by the parameters:
- insect resistance;
- disease resistance;
- taste qualities;
- guaranteed result.
Popular species are: Zorya, Maherauha, Festivalnaya, Red Gontlet, Ruyana, Elizaveta. Of the common varieties worth highlighting: Masha, Elvira, Zenga Zengan, Bogota.
Each gardener chooses varieties himself, because opinions, like people, are different.
Crop rotation is a good way to get a big harvest.
Experimenting with many types of strawberries is not necessary, it is better to choose three varieties or those that you already know. And leave 20 percent of the site for new ones. So check resistance to cold, disease and yield.
Approximately 30 days before landing the land must be equipped with complex minerals. The soil should be sealed after a couple of weeks, then you can get down to business.
Shrubs age quickly, so they can not keep more than 5 years. To increase the yield, new rows should be planted annually, and after a while to be removed.
Not all species are prone to old age, there are long-livers. Frequent planting of new seedlings is a guarantee of soil fertility and a good harvest.Shrubs age quickly, so they can not keep more than 5 years in one place
Getting rid of the barren bushes
They are easy to see: no flowers, empty flowers are formed, and the berries are small and crooked, despite the care. Characterized by strong growth, they are larger and give more whiskers.
Even one such plant can spread throughout the garden, strangling the surrounding fruitful varieties. To improve yields, watch the beds, find and remove the weed bushes.
Proper reproduction of berries
The plantation is laid down with half of its material and half with acquired one. It is advisable to cook seedlings at harvest time. During this period, choose the best bushes.
If only one berry grows on a bush, but it is large, do not flatter yourself, because it contains bad genetic data.
The bushes will be the most productive with an average size of berries, as well as a flat shape. It is necessary to mark such plants, and when they give a mustache, to root in time.
At Novosadka, soil from strawberry rests for about 4 years, from other crops for 3 years. Well-absorbed shrubs in places where beetroot and carrot grew.At harvest time, good bushes are noted, their whiskers root out.
In summer you need to feed about 4 times. complex fertilizers. It can be phosphorus, trace elements, nitrogen. It is done according to the algorithm:
- Spring is the first feeding. Dry bird droppings or manure are used, which are diluted with water in proportions of 1:20 and 1:10, respectively. Under each plant put 1 liter of the mixture.
- The stage of the appearance of flowers implies a second feeding. A rotted mullein or bird droppings should be added to the soil, diluted with 10 liters of water for 1 matchbox.
- Before flowering is made 1 liter of cow dung.
- In mid-August, add a solution of manure and bird droppings, for every 10 liters to make half a glass of ash.
Additional actions in the first and subsequent years
It is possible to increase fruiting in the open ground with the help of mulching. Mulch beds in the country can be using needles - this will help the plants to breathe.
If there are no needles, you can use mowed grass, straw. After harvesting in the fall, you need to collect fallen leaves and cover them with bushes so that the berry does not freeze in winter.Mulch beds can be with the help of pine needles, straw, mowed grass
The first years are very important for the berries, so the plant must take root, and not multiply, otherwise it will quickly die.
Any bush you need to harvest, has a mustache removed.. Each mustache requires a lot of nutritional components, so the berries become underdeveloped, watery and tasteless.
Before flowering, all strawberries can be covered with a special material, thereby blocking access to pests. Help phytoncidal plants with bad for insects aroma: calendula, onions and garlic.
Strawberry is a popular culturethat is grown by thousands of gardeners every year. Alas, not everyone gets a good harvest.
The reason becomes non-compliance with the rules and norms of cultivation, ranging from the wrong choice of tools, and ending with the wrong fertilizers.